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Techno-Economic Analysis of Chitosan-Based Hydrogels Production

  • Jimmy Anderson Martínez Ruano
  • Carlos Andrés Taimbu de la Cruz
  • Carlos Eduardo Orrego Alzate
  • Carlos Ariel Cardona Alzate
Living reference work entry
Part of the Polymers and Polymeric Composites: A Reference Series book series (POPOC)

Abstract

Currently, hydrogels have different applications due to its excellent water absorption capacity such as biomedical applications, absorbent materials manufacturing, chemical industries, and agroindustry industries. The hydrogels can be produced from natural, synthetic, or a combination of both sources. One of the most studied raw materials for the obtaining of hydrogels is chitosan, which is a linear polysaccharide that is composed of D-glucosamine and N-acetyl-D-glucosamine. Thanks to its structural and chemical properties, hydrogels based on this biopolymer are viable for biomedical applications. In this context, the aim of this chapter is to evaluate the preparation of chitosan-based hydrogels from process design point of view. An overview about chitosan-based hydrogels, main applications, description of the production process, and trends in this topic is presented. Additionally, the production of chitosan-based hydrogel using the interaction of hydrogen bonds technology is simulated in Aspen Plus generating the mass and energy balances in order to realize the technical and economic assessment of the process. The simulation shows that the even if the hydrogels from chitosan are economically feasible, there are a number of possibilities to improve the technology (to reduce the energy consumption or to improve the yields).

Keywords

Chitosan Hydrogels Applications Simulation process Techno-economic analysis 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jimmy Anderson Martínez Ruano
    • 1
  • Carlos Andrés Taimbu de la Cruz
    • 1
  • Carlos Eduardo Orrego Alzate
    • 1
  • Carlos Ariel Cardona Alzate
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Biotechnology and AgroindustryNational University of Colombia - Manizales campusManizalesColombia

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