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Recent Advances of Multifunctional Cellulose-Based Hydrogels

  • Jiajun Mao
  • Shuhui Li
  • Jianying Huang
  • Kai Meng
  • Guoqiang Chen
  • Yuekun Lai
Living reference work entry
Part of the Polymers and Polymeric Composites: A Reference Series book series (POPOC)

Abstract

Cellulose is an abundant and renewable natural resource with biodegradability and nontoxicity. Furthermore, cellulose and cellulose derivatives also have unique properties such as hydrophilicity, mechanical strength, biocompatibility, and tunable functionality due to the strong versatile hydrogen bonding. Cellulose-based hydrogels are prepared by physical or chemical cross-linking of cellulose derivatives with various functional molecules, which covalently bind different functional molecules and form a highly porous hydrogel, with three-dimensional network structure consisting of nanofibrillar-regenerated cellulose. Such cellulose-based hydrogels have great advantages due to high water-holding capacity, abundance, biodegradable biocompatibility and nontoxicity, which can be applied as superabsorbent in wastewater treatment (such as oil, heavy metals, dye, organic pollutants), as superabsorbent biomaterials, in pharmaceutical and biomedical field, in personal care and hygiene products, and tissue engineering and wound dressing. Moreover, they have also been used in catalysis, sensors, luminescence, and energy storage. This chapter will introduce the smart applications of cellulose-based hydrogels including native cellulose, cellulose derivatives, and cellulose-composite hydrogels. Among those, we will focus our discussion herein on the adsorption application of cellulose-based hydrogels. Most excellent research works are highlighted in this chapter, and cellulose-based hydrogels will be expected to be applied in agriculture, food, environment, industry, medical care, and personal health field. At last, we also give a prospect on cellulose-based hydrogels in the future.

Keywords

Cellulose-based Hydrogel Super-hydrophilic Cross-linking Superabsorbent 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors acknowledge the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51502185; 21501127), Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province of China (BK20140400), Natural Science Foundation of the Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions of People’s Republic of China (15KJB430025), Nantong Science and Technology Project (GY12016030), Jiangsu Advanced Textile Engineering Center Project (Project No.SPPGO [2014]22), Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions (PAPD), and Jiangsu Province annual ordinary university graduate student research and innovation project (KYLX16_0138) for financial support of this work. J. Mao and S. Li equally contributed to this work.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jiajun Mao
    • 2
  • Shuhui Li
    • 2
  • Jianying Huang
    • 2
    • 3
  • Kai Meng
    • 2
  • Guoqiang Chen
    • 2
  • Yuekun Lai
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.College of Chemical EngineeringFuzhou UniversityFuzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.National Engineering Laboratory for Modern Silk, College of Textile and Clothing EngineeringSoochow UniversitySuzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Research Center of Cooperative Innovation for Functional Organic/Polymer Material Micro/NanofabricationSoochow UniversitySuzhouPeople’s Republic of China

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