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Cellulose-Based Absorbents for Oil Contaminant Removal

  • Wang Liao
  • Yu-Zhong Wang
Living reference work entry
Part of the Polymers and Polymeric Composites: A Reference Series book series (POPOC)

Abstract

With the rapidly increasing exploitation, transportation, and utilization of fossil oils, oil spillage accidents occur frequently worldwide. Oil pollution can lead to a serious loss of valuable resources on coastal and marine ecosystems during a long period. Besides, industrial waste oil may have a broad impact on city ecological environments and human health. It is thus urgently required to solve oil pollution efficiently. Generally, current strategies are classified into three groups: (1) burning the oil spill in situ, (2) dispersing the oil in water by adding dispersants to facilitate nature degradation, and (3) extracting the oil from the water. The last method seems the “greenest” because both the absorbent and the oil can be recycled. Among the absorbents, cellulose-based absorbents are the first choices due to their environmental friendliness of renewability and biodegradability, good mechanical properties, low density, high porosity, high absorption capacity, and cost-effectiveness. In this chapter, we intend to demonstrate the following aspects of cellulose-based absorbents, including (1) raw materials: properties and pretreatments, (2) fabrication of the various absorbents, (3) characterization of the structure and properties, (4) cellulose-related absorbents and other applications, and (5) discussions and future scope. This work aims to draw a full outline of the cellulose absorbents to date and to promote the understanding and developing of these materials in the future.

Keywords

Cellulose Aerogel Absorbent Absorption Oil Hydrophobic 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors appreciate the financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grants 51603130); the Key Science Project of Department of Education, Sichuan Province (No. 16ZA0004); and the International Clean Energy Talent 2017 of China Scholarship Council.

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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Degradable and Flame-Retardant Polymeric Materials, National Engineering Laboratory of Eco-Friendly Polymeric Materials (Sichuan), State Key Laboratory of Polymer Materials Engineering, College of ChemistrySichuan UniversityChengduChina
  2. 2.School of Science, Innovation and Entrepreneurship CollegeXihua UniversityChengduChina

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