Packaging of Food and Drink in Japan
This chapter outlines the trajectory of change that the packaging of food and drink in Japan underwent between the late nineteenth century and the present day. It argues that three developments lie at the root of this transformation: the Westernization of Japanese diet, the growing reliance on mass-produced (semi)processed food, and the shifting landscape of the food retailing. In addition, the impacts of the environmental legislation and the growing labor shortage are also signalled.
The chapter begins with an overview of the contemporary state of affairs and later zooms deeper into the issues that the author considers of particular importance for the understanding of the historical shifts. They include the rise of paper and plastic into the position of the dominant packaging materials in Japan and the decline of glass, despite its spectacular growth during the first half of the twentieth century. The chapter further discusses the “packaging revolution” of the 1960s and the growing market for gifts that contain food and drink and how the gift-giving practices in Japan affected innovation within the packaging industry.
Along with providing insights into the history of the Japanese packaging sector, this chapter contributes to the understanding of the culinary transformation of Japan in the course of the twentieth century.
- Alexander, J. W. (2018). Drinking bomb and shooting meth: Alcohol and drug use in Japan. Ann Arbor: Association for Asian Studies.Google Scholar
- Annual Report on the Ageing Society. (2018). Cabinet Office. https://www8.cao.go.jp/kourei/english/annualreport/2018/2018pdf_e.html. Accessed 31 Aug 2019.
- Aoki, S. T. (2018). Japan retail food sector. United States Department of Agriculture. Global Agricultural Information Network, report no. JA8505. https://gain.fas.usda.gov/Recent%20GAIN%20Publications/Retail%20Foods_Tokyo%20ATO_Japan_6-22-2018.pdf. Accessed 30 Aug 2019.
- Arita, E. (2008, February 17). Happy Boil-in-a-bag Birthday! Japan’s ‘pouch curry’ turns a tasty 40. Japan Times. http://www.japantimes.co.jp/life/2008/02/17/general/japans-pouch-curry-turns-a-tasty-40/. Accessed 7 Aug 2019.
- Barrett, T. (1983). Japanese Papermaking: Traditions, Tools and Techniques. New York; Tokyo: Weatherhill.Google Scholar
- Brody, A. L., Strupinsky, G. R., & Pruskin, L. R. (1995). The use of oxygen scavengers and active packaging to reduce oxygen within internal package environments. Natick: US Army Soldier System Command, Natick Research, Development and Engineering Center. https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a299164.pdf. Accessed 3 Sept 2019.Google Scholar
- Coles, R., McDowell, D., & Kirwan, M. J. (Eds.). (2003). Food packaging technology. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
- Cooksey, K. (2010). Oxygen scavenging packaging systems. In Encyclopedia of polymer science and technology. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/0471440264.pst570. Accessed 3 Sept 2019.Google Scholar
- Cwiertka, K. J. (2006). Modern Japanese cuisine: Food, power and national identity. London: Reaktion Books.Google Scholar
- Cwiertka, K. J. (2013). Feeding the UN troops in the Korean War (1950–1953). In K. J. Cwiertka (Ed.), Food and war in twentieth-century East Asia. Farnham: Ashgate.Google Scholar
- Cwiertka, K. J., Yasuhara, M. (2020). Branding Japanese food: From Meibutsu to Washoku. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press.Google Scholar
- Dankakkusu. (2018). Isshōbin gaidobukku: Kankyō ni yasashii riyūsu yōki. Tokyo: Nihonshuzō Kumiai Chūōkai.Google Scholar
- Grier, J. H. (2000/2001). Japan’s regulation of large retail stores: Political demands versus economic interests. University of Pennsylvania Journal of International Economic Law, 22(1), 1–60.Google Scholar
- Hefnawy, M. (2010). Availability of shelf stable foods: Advances in production of Meal Ready to Eat (MRE). In M. Hefnawy (Ed.), Advances in food protection: Focus on food safety and defense (pp. 171–196). Doordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
- Heisei Botoru Kurabu (Ed.). (2017). Nihon no retoro bin. Tokyo: Gurafikku sha.Google Scholar
- Hendry, J. (1995). Wrapping culture: Politeness, presentation and power in Japan and other societies. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
- Horioka, C. Y. (1993). Consuming and saving. In A. Gordon (Ed.), Postwar Japan as history (pp. 259–292). Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
- Hughes, S. (1978). Washi: The World of Japanese Paper. Tokyo; New York etc.: Kodansha International.Google Scholar
- Hunter, D. (1978). Papermaking: The history and technique of an ancient craft. New York: Dover Publications.Google Scholar
- Ishikawa, N. (2002). Kōdo keizai seichōki ga umidashita shoku jijō. In H. Ishikawa & A. Ehara (Eds.), Kingendai no shokubunka (pp. 133–156). Tokyo: Kōgaku shuppan.Google Scholar
- Japan Package Design Association (Ed.). (1976). Package design in Japan: Its history and its expressions (new ed.). Tokyo: Rikuyosha.Google Scholar
- Jōkō, S., & Ogawa, S. (1995). Development of glass bottle and glassware industries in Japan. In E. Pauer & H. Sakata (Eds.), The development of the Japanese glass industry (pp. 29–43). Marburg: Förderverein Marburger Japan-Reihe.Google Scholar
- Kensei, T. (1997). Nihon sūpā hattatsushi nenpyō. Tokyo: Soseisha.Google Scholar
- Kim, Y. S. (2011). Ekiben no hensen to tayōka. Nihon Kindaigaku Kenkyū, 31, 191–208.Google Scholar
- Kinenkai, Y. T. (Ed.). (2000). Sūji de miru Nihon no 100 nen: 20 seiki ga wakaru dētā. Tokyo: Kokuseisha.Google Scholar
- Machotka, E., & Cwiertka, K. J. (2016). Too pretty to throw away: Packaging design from Japan. Krakow: Museum of Japanese Art and Technology Press. https://www.cwiertka.com/the-catalogue-of-the-exhibition-too-pretty-to-throw-away-packaging-design-from-japan-is-now-available-for-download/. Accessed 23 Aug 2019.Google Scholar
- Matsuoka, H. (2010). Sekai ni sakigake retoruto shokuhin hōsōki no kaihatsu. Nihon hōsō gakkai shi, 19(3), 241–246.Google Scholar
- Minakuchi, S. (2010). Nihon no hōsō ha doko ga sugoi ka: 2010 hōsō torendo. Tokyo: Nihon Hōsō Gijutsu Kyōkai.Google Scholar
- Minakuchi, S. (2012). Shokuhin hōsō: hōsō ga shokuhin no anzen, anshin wo mamoru! Tokyo: Nihon Shokuryō Shinbunsha.Google Scholar
- Mitsuda, T. (2017). ‘Sweets reimagined’: The construction of confectionary identities, 1890–1930. In A. Niehaus & T. Walravens (Eds.), Feeding Japan: The cultural and political issues of dependency and risk (pp. 52–82). Cham: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
- Mori, K. (1909). Beikoku no kashi to kashiho no jikyō. Jitsugyō Shōnen, 3(6), 4–8.Google Scholar
- Nakayama, K. (2001). Wagashi – Treats for all seasons. Japan Quarterly, 48(2), 64–74.Google Scholar
- Nihon Hōsō Gijutsu Kyōkai (Ed.). (1972). Shōwa 46 nen hōsō shizai, hōsō kankei kikai shukka (seisan) tōkei. JPI Journal, 10(3), 208–219.Google Scholar
- Nihon Hōsō Gijutsu Kyōkai (Ed.). (1978). Hōsō no rekishi. Tokyo: Nikkan Kōgyō Shinbunsha.Google Scholar
- Nihon Hōsō Gijutsu Kyōkai (Ed.). (2014). 2013 nen Nihon no hōsō sangyō shukka tōkei setsumei. Tokyo: Nihon Hōsō Gijutsu Kyōkai.Google Scholar
- Nihon Hōsō Gijutsu Kyōkai (Ed.). (2015). Heisei 26 nen hōsō sangyō shukka tōkei. JPI Journal, 53(6), 427–434.Google Scholar
- Nikkei Design (Ed.). (2012). Pakkēji dezain no kyōkasho. Tokyo: Nikkei BP sha.Google Scholar
- Nippō Ai Bii (Ed.). (2009). Heisei 22 nendohan zenkoku hōsō sangyō meikan. Tokyo: Nippō Shuppan.Google Scholar
- Ōji Seishi. (2009). Kami no chishiki 100. Tokyo: Tōkyō Shoseki.Google Scholar
- Penna, I. W. (2002). The political ecology of the Japanese paper industry (PhD thesis). School of Anthropology, Geography and Environmental Studies, University of Melbourne.Google Scholar
- Satō, Y. (2016). Ishii Kendō to Jitsugyō Shōnen: hataraku shōnen e no manazashi. Fukushima ken no Shinro, 2, 37–39. http://fkeizai.in.arena.ne.jp/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/rekisi_2016_02_1.pdf. Accessed 4 Sept 2019.Google Scholar
- Siniawer, E. M. (2018). Waste: Consuming Postwar Japan. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
- Stegewers, D. (2017). Deconstructing ‘kokushu’: Promoting sake as Japan’s national alcohol drink in times of crisis in the sake industry. In A. Niehaus & T. Walravens (Eds.), Feeding Japan: The cultural and political issues of dependency and risk (pp. 141–165). Cham: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Tompkins, R. (2019). ‘The waste of society as seen through women’s eyes:’ Waste, gender, and national belonging in Japan (PhD dissertation). Leiden University.Google Scholar
- Waste: Municipal waste. (2019). OECD environment statistics. https://stats.oecd.org/viewhtml.aspx?datasetcode=MUNW&lang=en. Accessed 23 Apr 2019.
- World Packaging Organization. (2008). Market statistics and future trends in global packaging. https://www.worldpackaging.org/resources/22/. Accessed 21 Aug 2019.
- Yamamoto, K. (1990). Bin no hanashi. Tokyo: Nihon Nōritsu Kyōkai.Google Scholar