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Hemodynamic Evaluation and Echocardiography in the Oncologic Intensive Care Unit

  • Raymundo A. Quintana
  • Nicolas Palaskas
  • Jose BanchsEmail author
Reference work entry

Abstract

During the early clinical course of cancer therapy, a significant percentage of patients is admitted to the intensive care unit due to cardiovascular complications of their disease, vascular access devices, and chemo- or immunotherapies. Critically ill oncologic patients require immediate evaluation, therapeutic intervention, and posttreatment monitoring. Transthoracic echocardiography is a noninvasive, real-time, fast, and portable imaging modality that can give vital information to the clinical care team. Two-dimensional echocardiography can provide a detailed cardiac anatomical assessment, and Doppler echocardiography analysis of blood flow provides functional hemodynamic information. However, transthoracic echocardiographic imaging and its interpretation could be complex and technically challenging in the intensive care unit due to mechanical ventilation, surgical drains/wounds, and inadequate patient positioning. Clinical settings in which transesophageal echocardiography provides a more accurate diagnostic evaluation are critically ill patients with an inability to obtain diagnostic quality images with transthoracic echocardiography and patients evaluated for suspected valvular disease, intracardiac thrombus/masses, endocarditis, aortic dissection, and post-cardiac surgery tamponade. In this chapter we aim to review the most common applications of transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography in the oncologic intensive care unit.

Keywords

Oncology Cardiovascular Critical care Echocardiography Shock Hemodynamic Cardiac output 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raymundo A. Quintana
    • 1
  • Nicolas Palaskas
    • 2
  • Jose Banchs
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Division of Cardiology, Department of MedicineEmory University School of MedicineAtlantaUSA
  2. 2.Department of Cardiology, Division of Internal MedicineThe University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer CenterHoustonUSA

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