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Perioperative Management of the Oncologic Patient Undergoing Gastrointestinal Surgery

  • Bobby Bellard
  • Jasmin Eapen
  • Suma Joseph
  • Maxy Mathew
Reference work entry

Abstract

Although the incidence of colon cancer has reduced over the past four decades due to the use of effective early detection colon cancer screening systems, colorectal cancer continues to be the third most diagnosed cancer in the United States (Hall and Ruutiainen, Sur Oncol Clin N Am 27:289–302, 2018). If colorectal cancer is limited to the colon or rectum only, colon resection or lower abdominal peritoneal resection surgery leads a high success rate of curing cancer. However, if metastasis occurs to other pelvic organs, then a pelvic exenteration surgery is the most opted route to remove the cancer. The following section will provide a brief overview of the background and management of patients undergoing three major gastrointestinal (GI) surgeries, specifically pelvic exenteration, colon resection, and lower abdominal peritoneal resection.

Keywords

Colorectal cancer Colon cancer Metastasis Colon resection Pelvic exenteration Lower abdominal peritoneal resection Postoperative ICU management 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bobby Bellard
    • 1
  • Jasmin Eapen
    • 1
  • Suma Joseph
    • 1
  • Maxy Mathew
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, Division of Anesthesiology and Critical CareThe University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer CenterHoustonUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Garry Brydges
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Anesthesiology Division of Anesthesia, Critical Care and Pain MedicineThe University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer CenterHoustonUSA

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