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Perioperative Care of the Thoracic Oncologic Patient Undergoing EBUS, Thoracotomy, and Pneumonectomy

  • Marion W. Bergbauer
  • Johnny Dang
  • George A. Eapen
Reference work entry

Abstract

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the United States, categorized into small cell and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The higher-occurring NSCLC accounts for 85% of lung cancer cases in the United States. Due to its late presentation at diagnosis, NSCLC has a poor prognostic outcome. The insidious process of NSCLC necessitates accurate diagnosis and prompt disease treatment and management by an interdisciplinary team. Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration is utilized for staging mediastinal lymph nodes and is usually performed under general anesthesia. Upon diagnosis, disease management of NSCLC is based upon tumor stage and clinical presentation.

Keywords

Lung cancer Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), Endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) Fiber-optic bronchoscopy Anesthesia Transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA) Thoracotomy Pneumonectomy 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marion W. Bergbauer
    • 1
  • Johnny Dang
    • 1
  • George A. Eapen
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative MedicineThe University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer CenterHoustonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Division of Internal MedicineThe University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer CenterHoustonUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Garry Brydges
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Anesthesiology Division of Anesthesia, Critical Care and Pain MedicineThe University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer CenterHoustonUSA

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