Baseline Health-Related Data for Monitoring Sustainable Development Goals in Jordan

  • Yousef Saleh KhaderEmail author
  • Moawiah Khatatbeh
  • Oumaima Mohammed-Salah Aouididi
Living reference work entry


The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) constitute the core of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and aim to guide global, regional, and national development endeavors for the next 15 years. The Sustainable Development agenda builds on the success of the Millennium Development Goals to ensure sustainable social and economic progress worldwide. The third goal of this agenda is to “Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages.” This chapter reviews health status in Jordan, in the context of SDGs, and provides baseline information on the three measures and indicators of the SDG. These data are important to monitor the progress of the country in achieving SDG 3. Jordan has steadily improved health standards through establishing a health system composed of hospitals, health centers, and medical schools. Although Jordan has realized great achievements in the health field, the country still faces many challenges to achieve the SDG 3 including increasing pressure on Jordan’s health system because of the influx of refugees from Syria, the lack of long-term data to observe the temporal evolution of the implemented indicators, and the lack of financial resources in Jordan to carry out and plan sustainable development. However, it is expected that Jordan will likely achieve a better health standard by 2030 if the country adheres to and monitors SDG targets.


The Sustainable Development Goals Targets Health status Jordan 


  1. Abojaradeh M (2014) The effect of driver behavior mistakes on traffic safety. Civ Environ Res 6(1):39–54Google Scholar
  2. Abojaradeh M, Jrew B (2013) Development of statistical prediction models to reduce fatal and injury traffic accidents. J Environ Earth Sci 3(11):54–65. Issued from IISTE USAGoogle Scholar
  3. Abt Associates (2012) Improving maternal health and family planning in Jordan. Available from:
  4. Abujbara M, Batieha A, Khader Y, Jaddou H, El-Khateeb M, Ajlouni K (2018) The prevalence of Dyslipidemia among Jordanians. J Lipids 2018:6298739CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Ajlouni K, Khader YS, Batieha A, Ajlouni H, El-Khateeb M (2008) An increase in prevalence of diabetes mellitus in Jordan over 10 years. J Diabetes Complicat 22:317–324CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Ajlouni K, Batieha A, Jaddou H, Khader Y, Abdo N, El-Khateeb M, Hyassat D, Al-Louzi D (2019) Time trends in diabetes mellitus in Jordan between 1994 and 2017. Diabet Med. Scholar
  7. Alkhasawneh E, Ismayilova L, Olimat H, El-Bassel N (2012) Social and behavioural HIV/AIDS research in Jordan: a systematic review. EMHJ 18(5):487–494Google Scholar
  8. Al-Majali AM (2005) Seroepidemiology of caprine Brucellosis in Jordan. Small Rumin Res 58(1):13–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Al-Majali AM, Shorman M (2009) Childhood brucellosis in Jordan: prevalence and analysis of risk factors. Int J Infect Dis 13(2):196–200CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Amarin Z, Khader Y, Okour A, Jaddou H, Al-Qutob R (2010) National maternal mortality ratio for Jordan, 2007–2008. Int J Gynaecol Obstet 111(2):152–156CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Assaf S, Bradley EK (2014) Trends in demographic and health indicators in Jordan data from the 1990–2012 Jordan population and family health surveys. DHS Trends Reports No. 8Google Scholar
  12. Batieha AM, Khader YS, Berdzuli N, Chua-Oon C, Badran EF, Al-Sheyab NA, Basha AS, Obaidat A, Al-Qutob RJ (2016) Level, causes and risk factors of neonatal mortality, in Jordan: results of a National Prospective Study. Matern Child Health J 20(5):1061–1071CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Bitzer J et al (2016) Targeting factors for change: contraceptive counselling and care of female adolescents. Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care 21(6):417–430CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Brittain AW et al (2015) Youth-friendly family planning services for young people: a systematic review. Am J Prev Med 49(2):S73–S84CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Chandra-Mouli V et al (2014) Contraception for adolescents in low and middle income countries: needs, barriers, and access. Reprod Health 11(1):1CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Dababneh F, Gerber DR, As’ad DM (2008) Mortality in Jordan 2005: Directorate of Information, Studies and Research. Ministry of Health, AmmanGoogle Scholar
  17. Damasceno A, Azevedo A, Silva-Matos C, Prista A, Diogo D, Lunet N (2009) Hypertension prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control in Mozambique: urban/rural gap during epidemiological transition. Hypertension 54:77–83CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Department of Statistics (2017) Population projections for the Kingdom’s residents during the period 2015–2050.
  19. Department of Statistics (DOS) (2018) Estimated population of 2018 and some of selected data.
  20. Department of Statistics (DOS) and ICF (2019) Jordan population and family and health survey 2017–18. Amman, Jordan, and Rockville: DOS and ICF.
  21. Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH (2019, in press) Mental health and psychosocial problems and needs among Jordanian adolescents and Syrian adolescents refugeesGoogle Scholar
  22. El-Khoury M et al (2016) Counseling women and couples on family planning: a randomized study in Jordan. Stud Fam Plan 47(3):222–238CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Hogan MC, Foreman KJ, Naghavi M, Ahn SY et al (2010) Maternal mortality for 181 countries, 1980–2008: a systematic analysis of progress towards Millennium Development Goal 5. Lancet 375(9726):1609–1623CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) (2007) IASC guidelines on mental health and psychosocial support in emergency settings. IASC, Geneva. Available at: Scholar
  25. International Medical Corps (2019, in press) Utilization of mental health and psychosocial support services among Syrian refugees and JordaniansGoogle Scholar
  26. Jaddou HY, Batieha AM, Khader YS, Kanaan AH, El-Khateeb MS, Ajlouni KM (2011) Hypertension prevalence, awareness, treatment and control, and associated factors: results froma National Survey, Jordan. Int J Hypertens Article ID 828797, 1–8.
  27. JCAP (2016) Exploring gender norms and family planning in Jordan: a qualitative studyGoogle Scholar
  28. Kearney PM, Whelton M, Reynolds K, Muntner P, Whelton PK, He J (2005) Global burden of hypertension: analysis of worldwide data. Lancet 365(9455):217–23Google Scholar
  29. Khader Y, Batieha A, Ajlouni H, El-Khateeb M, Ajlouni K (2008) Obesity in Jordan: prevalence, associated factors, comorbidities, and change in prevalence over ten years. Metab Syndr Relat Disord 6(2):113–120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Khader Y, Irshaidat O, Khasawneh M, Amarin Z, Alomari M, Batieha A (2009) Overweight and obesity among school children in Jordan: prevalence and associated factors. Matern Child Health J 13(3):424–431CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Khader YS, Sharkas GF, Arkoub KH, Alfaqih MA, Nimri OF, Khader AM (2018) The epidemiology and trend of Cancer in Jordan, 2000–2013. J Cancer Epidemiol 2018:2937067CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. Khader Y, Batieha A, Jaddou H, Rawashdeh SI, El-Khateeb M, Hyassat D, Khader A, Ajlouni K (2019) Hypertension in Jordan: prevalence, awareness, control, and its associated factors. Int J Hypertens 2019:3210617CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Masadeh MM, Alzoubi KH, Al-Azzam SI, Al-Agedi HS, Abu Rashid BE, Mukattash TL (2014) Public awareness regarding children vaccination in Jordan. Hum Vaccin Immunother 10(6):1762–1766CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. Ministry of Health Directorate of Communicable Disease Malaria Control Program (2013) Ministry of health strategic plan 2013–2017. Guidelines 2nd ednGoogle Scholar
  35. Mosleh IM, Geith E, Natsheh L, Abdul-Dayem M, Abotteen N (2008) Cutaneous leishmaniasis in the Jordanian side of the Jordan Valley: severe under-reporting and consequences on public health management. Tropical Med Int Health 13(6):855–860CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. NCD Risk Factor Collaboration (NCD-RisC) (2016) Worldwide trends in diabetes since 1980: a pooled analysis of 751 population-based studies with 4.4 million participants. Lancet 387(10027):1513–1530Google Scholar
  37. NCD Risk Factor Collaboration (NCD-RisC) (2017) Worldwide trends in body mass index, underweight, overweight, and obesity from 1975 to 2016: a pooled analysis of 2416 population-based measurement studies in 128·9 million children, adolescents, and adults. Lancet 390(10113):2627–2642CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Nimri L, Soubani R, Gramiccia M (2002) Leishmania species and zymodemes isolated from endemic areas of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Jordan. Kinetoplastid Biol Dis 1(1):7CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. Pappas G, Papadimitriou P, Akritidis N, Christou L, Tsianos EV (2006) The new global map of human brucellosis. Lancet Infect Dis 6:91–99CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. Park T et al (2012) Evaluation USAID/Jordan: health systems strengthening II midterm evaluationGoogle Scholar
  41. Polimeni JM, Almalki A, Iorgulescu RI, Lucian-Liviu A, Parker WM, Chandrasekara R (2016) Assessment of macro-level socioeconomic factors that impact waterborne diseases: the case of Jordan. Int J Environ Res Public Health 13:1181CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Rahim HFA, Sibai A, Khader Y, Hwalla N, Fadhil I, Alsiyabi H et al (2014) Non-communicable diseases in the Arab world. Lancet 383(9914):356–367CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. Sufian S (2004) HIV/AIDS in the Middle East and North Africa. Middle East Report (New York) 233:6–9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. The Higher Council for Science and Technology (2016) National Report on Mental Health System and Services in Jordan.
  45. USAID (2012) Success stories: HIV/AIDS. AIDS hotline reaches youth in Jordan.
  46. USAID and JCAP (2016) Knowledge, attitudes, and practices toward family planning and reproductive health among Syrian married women of reproductive age in selected districts in JordanGoogle Scholar
  47. WHO, UNICEF, World Bank, UN (2015) Levels and trends in child mortality. IGME report 2015 child mortality final.pdfGoogle Scholar
  48. World data Atlas (2018) Jordan – Infant mortality rate.
  49. World Health Organization (WHO) (2015) Strategies toward ending preventable maternal mortality (EPMM)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yousef Saleh Khader
    • 1
    Email author
  • Moawiah Khatatbeh
    • 2
  • Oumaima Mohammed-Salah Aouididi
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Community Medicine, Public Health and Family Medicine, Faculty of MedicineJordan University of Science and TechnologyIrbidJordan
  2. 2.Faculty of MedicineYarmouk UniversityIrbidJordan
  3. 3.Faculty of MedicineJordan University of Science and TechnologyIrbidJordan

Section editors and affiliations

  • Ziad El- Khatib
    • 1
    • 2
  • Asmaa Alyaemni
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Public Health SciencesKarolinska InstitutetStockholmSweden
  2. 2.Université du Québec en Abitibi-Témiscamingue (UQAT)World Health ProgrammeQuébecCanada
  3. care managementKing Saud UniversityRIYADHSaudi Arabia

Personalised recommendations