The Palgrave Encyclopedia of Global Security Studies

Living Edition
| Editors: Scott Romaniuk, Manish Thapa, Péter Marton


  • Nikos ChristofisEmail author
Living reference work entry


Peacebuilding is a complex process that involves multiple actors and requires values, goals, and commitment to human rights and needs. Furthermore, it takes into account structural forms of injustice and violence, as well as the underlying cultures, histories, and root causes of violence. Peacebuilding processes depend on relational skills and have as their main goal to heal traumas through relationship building at multiple levels. In order for peacebuilding to be successful, the process should be founded on trusted relations, form partnership, and rely on interdependence. Finally, peacebuilding is not just about resolving a conflict but to establish durable peace and prevent the recurrence of violence.


The literature on peacebuilding is rich and extensive, as conflicts and conflict resolution are a regular feature of the international landscape. Since the end of the Cold War in 1989, states and international organizations have repeatedly engaged in...


Peace/war Peacebuilding Liberal peace Hybrid peace 
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© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of History and Civilization and Center for Turkish Studies Shaanxi Normal UniversityXi’anChina