The Palgrave Encyclopedia of Global Security Studies

Living Edition
| Editors: Scott Romaniuk, Manish Thapa, Péter Marton

Hybrid Conflict and Wars

  • Ákos BaumgartnerEmail author
Living reference work entry

Every age has its own kind of war, its own limiting conditions, and its own peculiar preconceptions. – Carl von Clausewitz

Hybrid Warfare

Hybrid warfare (also nonlinear war or nontraditional war) is the combination of regular, irregular warfare, and cyber warfare (Romaniuk and Burgers 2017). The concept refers to the use of “old” and “new” instruments in the toolkit of war, such as forms of information operations, including the use of propaganda, media influence, terrorism, and the disinformation of the population.

Hybrid warfare compels countries, actors, and the military alliances to be more resilient. The nature of hybrid warfare is changing constantly, thus the way in which hybrid warfare will be combatted is the responsibility of the coping parties. Their resilience will be crucial in their contribution to fighting with one of the newest challenges of security in the post-Cold War era, with hybrid warfare and its threats (Porkoláb 2015).

Hybrid warfare changes the strategies of...


Hybrid warfare Irregular warfare Nonlinear war Nontraditional war Crimea Annexation Russia Montenegro Propaganda Cyber warfare Psychological warfare USA China UUV USV EU Soft power 
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Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Corvinus University of BudapestBudapestHungary