Stability operations are one component of full spectrum operations, which include offense, defense, and stability operations. They include a wide range of activities that span the various phases of warfare, including pre-conflict, conflict, and post-conflict. In this sense, stability operations blur the distinctions between peace and war because they can occur in either dimension and have elements applicable to both arenas. Stable states share certain inherent characteristics, including security, economic and infrastructure development, and governance and rule of law.
In contrast, stability operations seek to provide local security and civil order within a weak and fragile state, foster political legitimacy there, and ensure a sustainable peace after their cessation. They occur in response to a nation’s sudden deterioration caused by political, military, economic, or social crises that lead to carnage or have the potential to do so. Much of this dynamic results from...
KeywordsCivil-military relations Counterinsurgency Counterterrorism Defense Disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration (DDR) Economic development Economic stabilization and infrastructure Full spectrum operations Governance and participation Humanitarian assistance and social well-being Interagency process Justice and reconciliation Nation building Offense Post-Cold War environment Post-conflict reconstruction Rule of law Security Security sector reform (SSR) Weak and fragile states
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