The Palgrave Encyclopedia of Global Security Studies

Living Edition
| Editors: Scott Romaniuk, Manish Thapa, Péter Marton

Civil-Military Relations

  • William A. TaylorEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-74336-3_13-1

Introduction

Civil-military relations are the vital connections between a government, its military, and the society that it seeks to protect and encompass a broad range of relationships that occur at distinct levels and in discreet timeframes, including control of the military, military roles, military service, interagency cooperation, military effectiveness, and operational challenges. They also vary greatly depending on the specific civilization within which they exist. Therefore, civil-military relations are distinctive within a particular culture. An individual nation’s ideology, political system, social fabric, historical traditions, norms and values, and government structure, among other factors, all influence its civil-military relations. For example, US civil-military relations differ significantly from those in Russia. Such a situation has led to the related notion of strategic culture in which the way that a certain state tackles a global security studies issue assumes unique...

Keywords

Control of the military Coup d’etat Disarmament demobilization and reintegration (DDR) Economic development Insurrection Interagency cooperation Military effectiveness Military roles Military service Mutiny Operational challenges Post-conflict resolution Private military security contractor (PMSC) Rebellion Revolution in military affairs (RMA) Security sector reform (SSR) 
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Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Angelo State UniversitySan AngeloUSA