Understanding the Right to Education: Challenges Facing the Indigenous Bedouin Population of the Al-Naqab Region
The acquisition of education by communities and individuals facing challenging circumstances has attracted increasing research attention in recent years. The purpose of this chapter is to understand the challenges facing the indigenous Bedouin population of the Negev region, living in “unrecognized villages” [as they are defined by Israeli authorities], in their attempt to realize their right to education. We also wanted to investigate the role of the state in enabling this population to realize their right to education, the difficulties that students and their parents encounter in this context, and the strategies that they use to overcome them. Phenomenological research was employed to clarify these issues, collecting data from observations and semi-structured interviews with three Bedouin families living in “unrecognized villages” and also five teachers who teach students from unrecognized villages. Our findings suggest certain coping tools and strategies, which can be used to improve access for this population to education, ensuring the realization of their basic right, especially for those who live far from the education resources. The chapter closes with conclusions and recommendations for the improvement of education for the studied population and other populations with similar characteristics in developing states.
KeywordsBedouin Unrecognized village Recognition of Bedouin villages Post-colonialism Social justice Indigenous Negev Right to education Discrimination Inequality Democracy
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