Muslim Families in the West
Muslim families deal with historical, cultural, and global challenges that create a difficult context for their identity formation process. This chapter attempts to discuss how Muslim family cultures form and reform in different contexts. Therefore, cultures must be studied in relation to history, questions of power, class, and gender. This chapter also discusses how in the cultural space of contention and compliance in Muslim families, among youth and across generations, culture is made, and remade, in the communities, around the dining room table, in work place, schools, and gym class, and in the midst of family arguments. Muslims are hoping for social conditions in which positive human development and aspirations flourish in contexts supportive of democratic participation and respect for differences.
- Afridi, S. (2001). Muslims in America: Identity, diversity and the challenge of understanding. New York: Carnegie Corporation.Google Scholar
- Al-e-Ahmad, J. (1984). Occidentosis: A plague from the west. Berkeley: Mizan Press.Google Scholar
- Batrouney, T. (1995). Lebanese-Australian families. In R. Hartley (Ed.), Families and cultural diversity in Australia (pp. 191–264). St. Leonards: Allen and Unwin.Google Scholar
- Berry, J. W. (1997). Immigration, acculturation, and adaptation. Applied Psychology. An International Review, 46, 5–68.Google Scholar
- Berry, J. W., & Kim, U. (1988). Acculturation and mental health. In P. R. Dasen, J. W. Berry, & N. Sartorius (Eds.), Health and cross-cultural psychology: Toward applications (pp. 207–236). California: Sage.Google Scholar
- Bornstein, M. H., & Cote, L. R. (2006). Parenting cognitions and practices in the acculturative process. In M. Bornstein & L. Cote (Eds.), Acculturation and parent–child relationships: Measurement and development (pp. 173–196). Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
- Cohen, C. (1999). The boundaries of blackness. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
- Deane, C., & Fears, D. (2006). Negative perception of Islam increasing. [document on the Internet]. Washington DC: The Washington Post. 9 Mar 2006 [cited 22 Apr 2013]. Available on http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/03/08/AR2006030802221.html.
- Deaux, K., & Philogone, G. (Eds.). (2001). Representations of the social: Bridging theoretical traditions. Oxford: Breakwell.Google Scholar
- Du Bois, W. E. B. (1994). The souls of black folk. New York: Gramercy Books.Google Scholar
- Dwairy, M. A. (2006). Counseling and psychotherapy with Arabs and Muslims: A culturally sensitive approach. New York: Teachers College Press.Google Scholar
- Elley, J., & Inglis, C. (1995). Ethnicity and gender: The two worlds of Australian Turkish youth. In C. Guerra & R. White (Eds.), Ethnic minority youth in Australia (pp. 193–202). Tasmania: National Clearinghouse for Youth Studies.Google Scholar
- Esposito, J. (Ed.). (1992). Oxford encyclopedia of the modern Islamic world. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Fanon, F. (1961). The wretched of the earth. New York: Grove Press.Google Scholar
- Freire, P. (2004). Pedagogy of the oppressed. 30th anniversary ed. New York: Continuum Press.Google Scholar
- Harter, S. (1998). The development of self-representation. In W. Damon & N. Eisenberg (Eds.), Handbook of child psychology: Social, emotional, and personality development (Vol. 3, 5th ed., pp. 553–618). New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
- Idil, R. S. (2011). Nasya Bahfen: A modern Muslim woman balancing career, family & faith [document on the Internet]. Australia: MuslimVillage Incorporated; 9 Nov 2011 [cited 22 Apr 2013]. Available from http://muslimvillage.com/2011/11/09/16115/nasya-bahfen-a-modern-muslim-woman-on-balancing-career-family-faith/.
- Joseph, S. (1999). Against the grain of the nation. In M. Suleiman (Ed.), Arabs in America building a new future (pp. 257–271). Philadelphia: Temple University Press.Google Scholar
- Klimidis, S., & Minas, I. H. (1995). Migration, culture and mental health in children and adolescents. In C. Guerra & R. White (Eds.), Ethnic minority youth in Australia (pp. 85–99). Tasmania: National Clearinghouse for Youth Studies.Google Scholar
- Little, D. (2002). American orientalism. North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press.Google Scholar
- Mathiason, N., & Qureshi, H. (2008). Inside the world of UK Muslim women [document on the Internet]. New York: The Guardian. 31 May 2008 [cited 22 Apr 2013]. Available on http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2008/jun/01/britishidentity.islam.
- Nashat, G. (2003). Women in pre-Islamic and early Islamic Iran. In G. Nashat & L. Beck (Eds.), Women in Iran from the rise of Islam to 1800 (pp. 11–47). Urbana: University of Illinois Press.Google Scholar
- Phinney, J. S., & Kohatsu, E. L. (1997). Ethnic and racial identity development and mental health. In J. Schulenberg, J. L. Maggs, & K. Hurrelmann (Eds.), Health risks and developmental transitions during adolescence (pp. 420–443). New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- Phinney, J. S., Berry, J. W., Sam, D. L., & Vedder, P. (2006). Understanding immigrant youth: Conclusions and implications. In J. W. Berry, J. S. Phinney, D. L. Sam, & P. Vedder (Eds.), Immigrant youth in cultural transition. Acculturation, identity, and adaptation across national contexts (pp. 211–234). London: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
- Pipes, D. (2002). Muslim immigrants in the United States. New York Post.Google Scholar
- Said, E. (1978). Orientalism. Washington: Vintage Books.Google Scholar
- Schueller, M. (2005). Orientalism. In J. Gabler-Hover & R. Sattelmeyer (Eds.), American history through literature 1820–1920 (pp. 838–841). New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons.Google Scholar
- Suarez-Orozco, C. (2005). Identities under siege: Immigration stress and social mirroring among the children of immigrants. In A. Robben & M. Suarez-Orozco (Eds.), Cultures under siege: Social violence & trauma (pp. 194–226). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- Young, I. M. (2010). Five faces of oppression. In M. Adams, W. J. Blumfield, C. Castañeda, H. W. Hackman, M. L. Peters, & X. Zúñiga (Eds.), Readings for diversity and social justice (2nd ed., pp. 35–45). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Yufenu, S. (2009). The challenges faced by working Muslim women [document on the Internet]. 2 Apr 2009 [cited 22 Apr 2013]. Available from http://www.islamweb.net/emainpage/index.php?page=articles&id=148886.
- Zizek, S. (2007). How to read Lacan. New York: W.W. Norton & Company.Google Scholar
- Ahmed, S., & Amer, M. (2001). Counseling Muslims: Handbook of mental health issues and interventions. New York, NY: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Aswad, B., & Bilge, B. (Eds.). (1996). Family and gender among American Muslims: Issues facing middle eastern immigrants and their descendants. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.Google Scholar
- McIrvin, S., Regula, A, & Qureshi, B. (1991). Muslim families in North America, E. H. Waugh (Ed.). Edmonton: University of Alberta PressGoogle Scholar
- Zizek, S. (2009). Violence: Six sideways reflections. London: Profile Books.Google Scholar