ISIS: Its History, Ideology, and Psychology

  • Katarzyna JaskoEmail author
  • Arie W. Kruglanski
  • Ahmad Saiful Rijal Bin Hassan
  • Rohan Gunaratna
Living reference work entry


At the height of its power, ISIS was perceived as the biggest contemporary terrorist threat to world security. In this paper, we analyze the phenomenon of ISIS and its unique history through the lens of general social psychological principles that might have contributed to its stunning—even if only temporary—success. We suggest that ISIS represents a special case of a radical group born of the conjunction between psychological needs, an ideological narrative, and a networking process. We describe the details of ISIS’s evolution and operation in order to shed light on this threatening movement.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Katarzyna Jasko
    • 1
    Email author
  • Arie W. Kruglanski
    • 2
  • Ahmad Saiful Rijal Bin Hassan
    • 3
  • Rohan Gunaratna
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of PsychologyJagiellonian UniversityKrakówPoland
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of MarylandCollege ParkUSA
  3. 3.Nanyang Technological UniversitySingaporeSingapore

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