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Technologies for Treatment of Colored Wastewater from Different Industries

  • Shraddha KhampariaEmail author
  • Dipika Jaspal
Reference work entry

Abstract

The delicate balance maintained by natural activities in the environment has been drastically affected by several anthropogenic activities. Different industries consume hazardous synthetic substrates and release their effluent, which leads to contamination and deterioration of the natural resources in which they are expelled. Human, as well as flora and fauna are greatly affected by these harmful substances on exposure. Therefore identification and cleaning of the affected sites are of prime importance in this arena. Numerous treatment methods have been employed for elimination of these toxic substances from nature. Moreover remediation technologies are based on the type of contaminant and its carrier. The chapter envelopes numerous available technologies for treatment of wastewater generated from different industries employing dyes and pigments in their process. Several industrial sectors such as textile, leather, paper, print, food, and cosmetics consume large amount of coloring agents which are released into water system, thus degrading the quality of the valuable resource. Description of the several treatment technologies has been made at length encompassing their advantages and disadvantages.

The chapter is divided into subsections describing physical, chemical, biological, and advanced methods. Further a comparative evaluation of available techniques has been archived. Emphasis has been given on the latest techniques taking sustainability and cost-effectiveness into account.

Keywords

Harmful effects Water pollution Physical methods Chemical methods Biological methods Advanced methods 

Abbreviations

AOP

Advanced Oxidation Processes

BIS

Bureau of Indian Standards

BOD

Biological Oxygen Demand

COD

Chemical Oxygen Demand

CPCB

Central Pollution Control Boards

CWAO

Catalytic Wet Air Oxidation

DO

Dissolved Oxygen

NEA

National Environment Agency

PAC

Polyaluminum Chloride

PAFC

Polyaluminum Ferric Chloride

PASiC

Polyaluminum Silicate

WHO

World Health Organization

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Symbiosis Centre for Research and InnovationSymbiosis International (Deemed University)PuneIndia
  2. 2.Symbiosis Institute of TechnologySymbiosis International (Deemed University)PuneIndia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry and Environmental SciencesNew Jersey Institute of TechnologyNewarkUSA

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