A Review on Treatment of Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products (PPCPs) in Water and Wastewater
Water is the central element of all vital social and economic processes. Because of the development of consumer society, harmful chemicals are being generated in huge quantities throughout the world. The problems derived from the toxicological effects of these organic compounds must be resolved for the benefits of the entire society. The problem is certainly complex, and it is imperative that novel procedures are required to deal with this extensive range of tribulations. Though there are plenty of water treatment methods, a significant number of chemicals are still present in “clean” water. These chemicals are referred to as emerging contaminants (ECs).
Some emerging contaminants have been used for a long time but have only recently been discovered in lakes, rivers, and groundwater – our drinking water sources. Emerging contaminants are of many types and have many sources. One large group consists of the pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) that we purchase and use regularly. Other categories include certain pesticides, nanomaterials, flame retardants, and plasticizers. Major sources of these chemicals include residential, agricultural, and industrial activities. This chapter reviews the various treatment technologies presently available for PPCP removal.
KeywordsEmerging contaminant (ECs) Pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) Treatment Water Wastewater
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