Encyclopedia of Engineering Geology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Peter T. Bobrowsky, Brian Marker

Cut and Fill

  • Hisashi NireiEmail author
  • Muneki Mitamura
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-73568-9_76


Earthmoving works undertaken to even out topography by flattening hills and slopes and depositing the spoil in depressions or on slopes.

Cut and fill works are often carried out in road, railway, canal, housing constructions and mining, etc. (Fig. 1). Natural sites are usually undulating, not level, and must be modified before any construction can begin. Thus, the cut and fill process is, if necessary, one of the first construction processes to take place on each development site.
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  1. Mitamura M, Fujiwara M, Hirai M, Murata R (2011) Distribution of the artificial valley fill in the Quaternary hilly area, Osaka Japan. Jour, Geoscience Osaka City University 54:17–29Google Scholar
  2. Nirei H, Furuno K, Kazaoka O, Maker B, Satkunas J (2012) Classification of man-made strata for assessment of geopollution. Episodes, 35(2):333–336Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.NPO Geopollution Control AgencyJapanJapan
  2. 2.Medical Geology Research Institute (MGRI)MotoyahagiJapan
  3. 3.Geosciences, ScienceOsaka City UniversityOsakaJapan