Encyclopedia of Engineering Geology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Peter T. Bobrowsky, Brian Marker

Cut and Cover

  • Zeynal Abiddin ErgulerEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-73568-9_75

Synonyms

Bottom-up tunneling; Cut and cover tunneling; Shallow-depth tunneling

Definition

Cut and cover is a tunnel construction technique, preferred at a shallow depth, in which excavation can be economically performed from the surface and the trench is subsequently covered with backfill after installation of all components for tunnel structures.

Characteristics

The excavatability and strength characteristics of the ground surrounding the tunnel, in situ stresses, depth of groundwater, length and diameter of tunnel, main purpose of tunnel, and particularly the depth of the designed tunnel are important controlling factors on selecting the most appropriate tunnel construction method. Generally, tunnels are classified into three different groups based on construction technique. These are (1) cut and cover tunnel known as an advanced engineering technique mainly for tunnel construction in urban and interurban areas (Mouratidis 2008); (2) bored tunnel, which is usually excavated in a...

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References

  1. Bobet A, Fernàndez G, Huo H, Ramirez J (2008) A practical iterative procedure to estimate seismic-induced deformations of shallow rectangular structures. Can Geotech J 45:923–938CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Debiasi E, Gajo A, Zonta D (2013) On the seismic response of shallow-buried rectangular structures. Tunn Undergr Space Technol 38:99–113CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Mouratidis A (2008) The “cut-and-cover” and “cover-and-cut” techniques in highway engineering. Electronic Journal of Geotechnical Engineering (EJGE) 13, Bundle F, pp 1–15Google Scholar
  4. Wickham GE, Tiedemann HR (1976) Cut and cover tunneling, Vol. 1. Construction methods, design and activity variations. Federal Highway Administration Offices of Research and Development, Washington, D.C. Report No. FHWA-RD-76-28, 201 pGoogle Scholar
  5. Wilton JL (1996) Cut-and-cover tunnel structures. In: Bickel JO et al (eds) Tunnel engineering handbook. Chapman & Hall, New York, pp 320–321CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geological EngineeringDumlupinar UniversityKütahyaTurkey