Encyclopedia of Engineering Geology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Peter T. Bobrowsky, Brian Marker

Coal

  • Laurance DonnellyEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-73568-9_55

Definition

Coal is a brownish-black to black, combustible, naturally occurring sedimentary rock formed from fossilized plants and vegetable matter consisting of amorphous carbon with organic and inorganic compounds.

Characteristics

Coal occurs in seams in series of alternating sedimentary sequences known as cyclothems. Coal deposits occur in sedimentary basins around the world from Devonian to Quaternary in age. Coal is used to generate electricity (thermal or steam coal) or to produce iron and steel (coking coal) (Fig. 1).
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Bell FG, Donnelly LJ (2006) Mining and its impact on the environment. Taylor/Francis (Spon). London, UKGoogle Scholar
  2. Bell FG (1983) Fundamentals of engineering geology. Butterworths, LondonGoogle Scholar
  3. CIRIA (2017) Abandoned mineworkings manual, RP940. CIRIA, London (pending)Google Scholar
  4. Scott B, Ranjtih PK, Choi SK, Khandelwal MJ (2010) Geological and geotechnical aspects of underground coal mining methods within Australia. Environment Earth Science 60:1007–1019CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Thomas LP (2013) Coal geology. Wiley. Chichester, UKGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ManchesterUK