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Classification of Soils

Part of the Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series book series (EESS)

Synonyms

Characterization of soils; Description of soils; Properties of soils; Systems for soil description

Definition

An unconsolidated natural set of solid mineral particles that result from physical disintegration and chemical decomposition of rocks, which may contain organic matter and voids between the particles, isolated or linked, which may contain water and/or air.

Introduction

Classification of soils consists of the division of soils into classes based on their genetic, textural, chemical, mineralogical, physical, or geotechnical characteristics. The nature of the parent rock influences the composition of the resulting soil. The weathering processes and type and amount of transport before deposition, as in the case of sedimentary soils, affect the structure of the soils and their engineering properties.

Soil has several meanings according to the professional perspective of the person who defines it. The main purpose of the systems for soil classification is to group different...

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Classification of Soils, Fig. 1

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Correspondence to Isabel M. R. Duarte .

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Duarte, I.M.R., Rodrigues, C.M.G., Pinho, A.B. (2018). Classification of Soils. In: Bobrowsky, P.T., Marker, B. (eds) Encyclopedia of Engineering Geology. Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-73568-9_52

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