Encyclopedia of Engineering Geology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Peter T. Bobrowsky, Brian Marker

Borehole Investigations

  • Eduardo Kruse
  • Saeid Eslamian
  • Kaveh Ostad-Ali-AskariEmail author
  • Sayedeh Zahra Hosseini-Teshnizi
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-73568-9_32

Synonyms

CPT sample; Drill hole study

Definition

Method of study to investigate soils and rocks in the Earth’s subsurface by means of long and narrow holes drilled using a variety of specialized methods.

Introduction

Successful engineering works often benefit from a clear and better understanding of the nature of soil and rock below ground. In the absence of extensive trenching and excavation and to complement non-invasive geophysical exploration techniques, borehole investigations can be carried out, including the analysis and characterization of the soil and rock recovered. Such investigations allow the identification of the soils or rocks present, as well as an understanding of their physical properties on the basis of field and laboratory tests.

Borehole investigations allow practitioners to determine the nature and location of the different soil/rock layers, collect samples, carry out in situtests and permeability tests, and, if necessary, install piezometers and other...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Deere DU, Deere DW (1988) The RQD index in practice. In: Proceedings symposium rock classification engineering purposes. ASTM special technical publications, vol 984. Philadelphia, pp 91–101Google Scholar
  2. Monnet J (2015) In situ tests in geotechnical engineering. Wiley, New York, p 398CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Price DG (2009) In: De Freitas MH (ed) Engineering geology: principles and practice. Springer, Berlin, p 450. ISBN 3-540-29249-7Google Scholar
  4. Small J (2016) Geomechanics in soil, rock, and environmental engineering. CRC Press, Taylor and Francis Group, Boca Raton, p 541Google Scholar
  5. USDA – United States Department of Agriculture (2012). Chapter 5: Engineering geology logging, sampling, and testing. Part 631 – National engineering handbook, p 56Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eduardo Kruse
    • 1
  • Saeid Eslamian
    • 2
  • Kaveh Ostad-Ali-Askari
    • 3
    Email author
  • Sayedeh Zahra Hosseini-Teshnizi
    • 2
  1. 1.National Research Council La Plata National University ArgentinaLa PlataArgentina
  2. 2.Department of Water EngineeringIsfahan University of TechnologyIsfahanIran
  3. 3.Department of Civil Engineering, Isfahan (Khorasgan) BranchIslamic Azad UniversityIsfahanIran