Encyclopedia of Engineering Geology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Peter T. Bobrowsky, Brian Marker

Tropical Environments

  • Rafi Ahmad
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-73568-9_285

Synonyms

Tropics

Definition

The Earth’s tropical environment is geographically defined as the region of the globe lying between the latitudes of the Tropic of Cancer, North latitude 23.5 °, and the Tropic of Capricorn, South latitude 23.5 °, including the Equator (Fig. 1).
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References

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  3. Gupta A (2012) Tropical geomorphology. South Asian Edition. Cambridge University Press, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  4. Gupta A, Ahmad R (1999a) Urban steeplands in the tropics: an environment of accelerated erosion. GeoJournal 49:143–150CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Gupta A, Ahmad R (1999b) Geomorphology and the urban tropics: building an interface between research and usage. Geomorphology 31:133–149CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Kottek M, Grieser J, Beck C, Rudolf B, Rubel F (2006) World map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification updated. Meteorologische Zeitschrift 15:259–263. http://koeppen-geiger.vu-wien.ac.at/pdf/Paper_2006.pdf. Accessed 30 Nov 2017
  7. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) (2013) Tropical cyclones. http://www.srh.noaa.gov/jetstream/tropics/images/tropicalcyclones.pdf. Accessed 20 Nov 2017
  8. UNISDR (2015) The human cost of weather related disasters 1995–2015. https://www.unisdr.org/2015/docs/climatechange/COP21_WeatherDisastersReport_2015_FINAL.pdf. Accessed 1 Dec 2017
  9. World Bank (2017) The World Bank, world development indicators, low income countries. http://databank.worldbank.org/data/reports.aspx?source=2&country=LIC. Accessed 30 Nov 2017

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rafi Ahmad
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Mona GeoInformatics InstituteUniversity of the West IndiesKingstonJamaica
  2. 2.Department of GeographyJamia Millia University (A Central University)New DelhiIndia