The waste material separated out during the processing of mineral ores (EPA 2000). Tailings are found as impoundments, piles, or other accumulations in proximity to mills or other processing sites. Processing sites may be near the location where ore is extracted or a short distance away from the mine location (Wills and Napier-Munn 2006).
- DTSC (1998) Abandoned mine lands preliminary assessment handbook. State of California, Department of Toxic Substances Control, Sacramento. https://www.dtsc.ca.gov/SiteCleanup/Brownfields/upload/aml_handbook.pdf. Accessed 14 Dec 2015
- EPA (1994) Design and evaluation of tailings dams. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency technical report EPA530-R-94-038. http://nepis.epa.gov/Exe/ZyPURL.cgi?Dockey=2000EF89.TXT. Accessed 12 Oct 2017
- EPA (2000) Tailings. In: Abandoned Mine Site Characterization and Cleanup Handbook U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2015-09/documents/2000_08_pdfs_amscch.pdf. Accessed 12 Oct 2017
- Wills BA, Napier-Munn TJ (2006) An introduction to the practical aspects of ore treatment and mineral recovery. In: Wills’ mineral processing technology, 7th edn. Elsevier, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar