Encyclopedia of Engineering Geology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Peter T. Bobrowsky, Brian Marker

Restoration

  • Jerome V. De GraffEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-73568-9_233

Synonyms

Rehabilitation; Restoration

Definitions

  1. 1.

    “…the combined process of land treatment that minimizes water degradation, air pollution, damage to aquatic or wildlife habitat, flooding, erosion, and other adverse effects from surface mining operations…so that mined lands are reclaimed to a useable condition which is readily adaptable for alternative land uses and create no danger to public health or safety” (OMR 2015).

     
  2. 2.

    To make “........land capable of more intensive use by changing its general character, as by drainage of excessively wet land; irrigation of arid or semiarid land; or recovery of submerged land from seas, lakes and rivers” (EEA 2015).

     

Characteristics

Mining is one of the primary human activities responsible for disturbing land to an extent that reclamation is necessary. Disturbance is due to the extraction of near-surface deposits of metallic and nonmetallic mineral resources or from activities incidental to underground mining such as ore storage, ore...
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References

  1. Arbogast BF, Knepper DH Jr, Langer WH (2000) The human factor in mining reclamation. US Geol Surv Circ 1191:28Google Scholar
  2. Brankman CM, Baise LG (2008) Liquefaction susceptibility mapping in Boston, Massachusetts. Environ Eng Geosci 14:1–16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. EEA (2015) Land reclamation. In: Environmental Terminology and Discovery Service (ETDS). European Environment Agency. http://glossary.eea.europa.eu/terminology/concept_html?term=land%20reclamation. Accessed 28 Dec 2015
  4. Newton GA, Claassen VP (2003) Rehabilitation of disturbed lands in California: a manual for decision making. California Department of Conservation, California Geological Survey Special Publication 123Google Scholar
  5. OMR (2015) Reclamation. In: Definitions, California Statutes and Regulations for the Office Mine Reclamation, Sacramento. http://www.conservation.ca.gov/index/Documents/omr-regs2015.pdf. Accessed 28 Dec 2015

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Science and Mathematics, Department of Earth and Environmental SciencesCalifornia State UniversityFresnoUSA