Large landforms or groups of landforms that are elevated in relation to surrounding areas and which are characterized by processes and ecosystems that reflect corresponding altitudes.
A mountain is a landform defined by both relative and absolute characteristics. Elevation and morphology are often used to define mountains; however, it is their relative prominence over adjacent landforms and landscapes that truly set them apart. The high degree of spatial heterogeneity in topoclimatic variables makes mountains different from other terrestrial environments. Mountains commonly have a tectonic or volcanic origin though erosional mountains also exist. The associated environments show a combination of biotic and abiotic populations and processes for regions of similar characteristics.
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