From an engineering geological perspective, mineralization is the chemical alteration, replacement, and enrichment of minerals.
Mineralization takes place in (1) voids, veins, pipes, stockworks, and structural reefs (Evans 1993; Robb 2005); (2) disseminated and concentrated in porous and fractured host rocks by deep circulating groundwater and hydrothermal action (Pirajno 2012); (3) in unconsolidated deposits by evaporation (Warren 2016), weathering, erosion, deposition, and precipitation (Edwards and Atkinson 1986); and (4) by replacement of organic matter by inorganic material leading to fossilization (Donovan 1991). Exploration, mining, and remediation of mineralized terrain are fields of interest for engineers and geologists.
Mineralization includes chemical alteration, replacement, and enrichment of minerals within igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary rocks. Replacementis a process whereby one system component is progressively substituted by another, for example,...
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