Encyclopedia of Engineering Geology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Peter T. Bobrowsky, Brian Marker


  • David H. HuntleyEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-73568-9_200


From an engineering geological perspective, mineralization is the chemical alteration, replacement, and enrichment of minerals.

Mineralization takes place in (1) voids, veins, pipes, stockworks, and structural reefs (Evans 1993; Robb 2005); (2) disseminated and concentrated in porous and fractured host rocks by deep circulating groundwater and hydrothermal action (Pirajno 2012); (3) in unconsolidated deposits by evaporation (Warren 2016), weathering, erosion, deposition, and precipitation (Edwards and Atkinson 1986); and (4) by replacement of organic matter by inorganic material leading to fossilization (Donovan 1991). Exploration, mining, and remediation of mineralized terrain are fields of interest for engineers and geologists.

Mineralization includes chemical alteration, replacement, and enrichment of minerals within igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary rocks. Replacementis a process whereby one system component is progressively substituted by another, for example,...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Donovan SK (1991) The process of fossilization. Columbia University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  2. Edwards R, Atkinson K (1986) Ore deposit geology and its influence on mineral exploration. Chapman and Hall, LondonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Evans AM (1993) Ore geology and industrial minerals: an introduction. Blackwell Science, HobokenGoogle Scholar
  4. Pirajno F (2012) Hydrothermal mineral deposition: principles and fundamental concepts for the exploration geologist. Springer, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  5. Robb L (2005) Introduction to ore forming processes. Blackwell Science, HobokenGoogle Scholar
  6. Warren JK (2016) Evaporites: a geological compendium. Springer International Publishing, ChamCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Geological Survey of CanadaVancouver, BCCanada