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European Union Energy Policy: A Discourse Perspective

  • Michèle KnodtEmail author
  • Marc Ringel
Living reference work entry
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Abstract

In the history of European integration, common energy policy seems, in addition to trade policy, to be one of the earliest “European” issues, as exemplified by the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) and the European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM). Instead, energy policy entered the treaties as a policy area of its own only with the Lisbon Treaty 2009, which did not entail substantial transfers of competences to the supranational level. In this development the discourse on energy policy was shaped by three frames – security (of supply), sustainability, and competitiveness, which guided European energy policy in different ways. This chapter will analyze the development of the energy policy within the integration process up to the latest development of the European Energy Union. The Energy Union is characterized by a new governance system which installs a soft governance with harder elements in order to steer member states’ energy policy with regard to the European energy transformation targets.

Keywords

Energy governance Energy policy European Union 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut of Political ScienceTechnische Universität DarmstadtDarmstadtGermany
  2. 2.Nuertingen Geislingen UniversityGeislingenGermany

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