Multifunctional Sol-Gel Nanocomposite Coatings for Aerospace, Energy, and Strategic Applications: Challenges and Perspectives

  • R. SubasriEmail author
  • K. R. C. Soma Raju
Living reference work entry


Sol-gel technique is a wet chemical synthesis procedure involving the hydrolysis of either a fully hydrolyzable metal/silicon alkoxide or an organically modified silane followed by condensation and polymerization reactions. Through this method, ceramics, glasses, and hybrid nanocomposite materials of high purity and homogeneity can be produced than when obtained through conventional processes that involve high-temperature treatment conditions. Sol-gel-derived hybrid nanocomposite coatings combine the interesting properties such as flexibility, hardness, etc. drawn from an organic polymer and an inorganic glass and hence are of great interest for aerospace, energy, and defense applications, due to their distinct advantages. Varied functionalities like corrosion protection, antireflection, scratch resistance, antibacterial, water/oil repellant, erosion resistant, and antistatic are possible to be obtained using this technique. Sol-gel nanocomposite films on appropriate substrates are also capable of being used as sensors for detecting chemical/biological warfare agents as well as for sensing ionizing radiation in the environment. Despite many advantages of this technique, there are still certain challenges that need to be circumvented in order to fully harness the potential of the coatings derived from this process. This chapter mainly focuses on the potential applications of sol-gel nanocomposite coatings for aerospace, energy, and strategic sectors, where challenges in using them for applications and future perspectives on how they can be mitigated are discussed.


Sol-gel nanocomposite coatings Chrome-free Corrosion resistant Nanocontainers Self-healing Solar selective Antimicrobial, scratch resistant (Ultra)hydrophobic Chemical/biological sensor 

List of Abbreviations










Carboxyethylsilanetriol sodium salt


Colony formation units


Carbon nanotube


Concentrated solar power


Concentrated Solar Power Plant




Deoxyribonucleic acid


Direct normal irradiance


Bis [3-(trimethoxysilyl)-propyl]ethylenediamine


Focused ion beam


Heat Collection Element


High metal volume fraction




Low metal volume fraction








Nitrogen monoxide


Optical density










Parabolic Trough Collector




Polyvinylidene fluoride




Relative humidity


Reactive oxygen species


Room temperature


Signal-to-noise ratio


Solar-Selective Coatings










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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Sol-Gel CoatingsInternational Advanced Research Centre for Powder Metallurgy and New Materials (ARCI)HyderabadIndia

Section editors and affiliations

  • L Rama Krishna
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Engineered CoatingsInternational Advanced Research Centre for Powder Metallurgy and New Materials (ARCI)HyderabadIndia

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