Respiratory Symptoms from Fragrances and the Link with Dermatitis

  • Jesper ElberlingEmail author
Living reference work entry


Fragrances are associated with respiratory symptoms such as upper airway irritation, breathing problems, and cough in many individuals. Symptoms for the most part are reported as mild, although more severe symptoms may affect between 0.5% and 4% across populations. Fragrance-related respiratory regularly co-occur in individuals with asthma, contact dermatitis, or atopic dermatitis, but there are no indications that the symptoms in the vast majority are caused by immunological hypersensitivity reactions. Instead, psychological factors together with neuronal sensory mechanisms at a peripheral receptor level as well as more central levels of signal processing may influence. So far, no validated methods or objective measurements have been established to verify the symptoms, neither has documentation of effective treatments.


Asthma Fragrances Multiple chemical sensitivities Olfaction Respiratory symptoms 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Dermatology and AllergyHerlev and Gentofte Hospital, University of CopenhagenCopenhagenDenmark

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