Life on Land

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| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökcin Özuyar, Tony Wall

Traditional Forest-Related Knowledge

  • Md. Danesh MiahEmail author
  • Papon Roy
Living reference work entry


A biodiversity hotspot is an abundant reservoir of biodiversity which is threatened by anthropological activities. It refers to the particularly high on one or more facets of species richness, degrees of “endemism, numbers of rare or threatened species, and intensity of threat” (Reid 1998). Norman Myers first coined this term in the late 1980s (Myers 1988, 1990). Firstly 18 biodiversity hotspots, as conservation priorities, were selected as they possessed large numbers of endemic species which were facing huge threats of habitat loss.

Native communitiesmean, here, both indigenous and local people. The peoples possessing the elements: “self-identification as indigenous; descent from the occupants of a territory prior to an act of conquest; possession of a common history, language, and culture regulated by customary laws that are distinct from national cultures; possession of a common land; exclusion or marginalization from political decision-making; and claims for...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Forestry and Environmental SciencesUniversity of ChittagongChittagongBangladesh

Section editors and affiliations

  • Sharif Ahmed Mukul
    • 1
  1. 1.Tropical Forests and People Research CentreUniversity of the Sunshine CoastMaroochydoreAustralia