Making Communities Resilient to Global Climate Change
Resilience is mostly discussed as the capacity to withstand tough times or spring back from a disaster. At the community level, the concept has been widely applied to rural communities and the natural ecosystem they depend on. It is understood as the ability of the community to overcome disturbance and still retain the basic function and structure and seize opportunities for transformation and improvement. Since the impacts of climate change will be felt by both rural and nonrural communities, resilience is now implemented in small towns to cities to megacities (Lerch 2017a).
The concept of resilience was introduced by Holling in 1973 to explain the persistence of natural systems when faced with significant change such as fires, floods, and human interventions. From that concept two ideas have emerged. One, engineering resilience looks at the time taken for a system to return to its original state after the disturbance. Two, ecological resilience looks at the system’s...
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