Responsible Consumption and Production

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökcin Özuyar, Tony Wall

Hazardous Substances

  • Jolita KruopienėEmail author
Living reference work entry



Hazardous substances have a potential ability to cause harm. A substance being hazardous is a consequence of one or more of its intrinsic physicochemical, toxicological, and ecotoxicological properties.

To define what is “hazardous,” criteria are needed. The Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) is an internationally agreed-upon standard managed by the United Nations (2017). It has been enacted in many countries in the world, including European Union (in the CLP Regulation) and the United States (in the Occupational Safety and Health Administration standards). According to it, a hazardous chemical is any substance or mixture fulfilling the criteria relating to one or more physical hazards, health hazards, or environmental hazards, and such a chemical shall be classified in relation to the respective hazard classes provided for in GHS (or, in...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Environmental EngineeringKaunas University of TechnologyKaunasLithuania

Section editors and affiliations

  • Ulla Saari
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept of Industrial Management, Center for Innovation and Technology ResearchTampere UniversityTampereFinland