Industrial Symbiosis: Context and Relevance to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
Industrial symbiosis refers to a process of connecting flows among industrial actors through (1) use of secondary material, water, and energy resources and/or (2) utility and service sharing across a network toward net sustainability outcomes (Boons et al. 2017). Industrial symbiosis is one of the founding notions within the field of industrial ecology. It builds upon the notion of biological symbiotic relationships in nature, where species exchange resources in a mutually beneficial manner. For industries, collaboration and synergistic opportunities offered by geographic proximity are key to successful symbiotic relationships (Chertow 2000). Concrete realizations of industrial symbiosis include the development of eco-industrial parks and self-organized sustainable industrial ecosystems (Chertow 2007).
In this entry, the development, evolution, typology, and application of...
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