Sustainable Cities and Communities

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökcin Özuyar, Tony Wall

Opportunities for All: Inclusive and Equitable Sustainable Development

  • Yanjun CaiEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-71061-7_83-1

Synonyms

Definition

According to the 12th Edition Collins English Dictionary, equal opportunity is defined as “the offering of employment, pay, or promotion equally to all, without discrimination as to sex, race, colour, disability, etc.” (2014). This definition of equal opportunity focuses on economic inclusion and equality among people to promote shared prosperity. In addition to the monetary perspective, the equality of opportunity is a complex and contested concept in the field of political philosophy, often associated with the metaphors of “levelling the playing field” and “starting gate equality” (Anderson 1999; Rawls 2009; Roemer 2009). Furthermore, beyond that of political theory, the concept of equality of opportunity has been applied in various domains, including sociology, education, psychology, public health, and economics. Also, equal opportunity is often linked with antidiscrimination, fairness,...

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Notes

Acknowledgment

In addition to Olga Kuznetsova’s thorough editorial review, I am immensely grateful to Amrita Daniere, Scott Drinkall, and Shahin Rahman for their valuable insights that significantly improved the manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Urban Climate Resilience in Southeast Asia Partnership, Munk School of Global Affairs and Public PolicyUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada

Section editors and affiliations

  • Olga Kuznetsova
    • 1
  1. 1.Economics, Policy and International BuisnessManchester Metropolitan University,ManchesterUK