Sustainable Cities and Communities

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökcin Özuyar, Tony Wall

Public and Green Spaces in the Context of Sustainable Development

  • Diogo Guedes VidalEmail author
  • Nelson Barros
  • Rui Leandro Maia
Living reference work entry



Public and green spaces are open areas and where the land is partly or completely covered with grass, trees, water sources, shrubs, or other types of vegetation. The typologies of public and green spaces are defined in accordance with a variety of criteria, such as size, facilities, or distance from the residential areas. In the scope of United Nations 2030 Agenda, public and green spaces play a vital role in the promotion of cities’ sustainability and citizens’ well-being, namely, in the connection between human and nature and also in the multiple benefits to human and environmental health. The access to public and green spaces with quality should be ensured by the local and central authorities in order to promote healthy and resilient cities, understood by the World Health Organization as a universal right.


In the nineteenth and twentieth centuries when cities and urban centers started to grow in number and density,...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Diogo Guedes Vidal
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Nelson Barros
    • 1
  • Rui Leandro Maia
    • 1
  1. 1.UFP Energy, Environment and Health Research Unit, 3ERL – Energy, Environment & Environmental and Public Health Research LabUniversity Fernando PessoaPortoPortugal
  2. 2.CNPq Research Group “Dynamics of Neuro-musculo-Skeletal System”BAHIANA – School of Medicine and Public HealthSalvadorBrazil

Section editors and affiliations

  • Erin A. Hopkins
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Apparel, Housing and Resource ManagementVirginia TechBlacksburgUSA