Sustainable Cities and Communities

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökcin Özuyar, Tony Wall

Shop Local, Local Materials, and Local Budgets

  • Henning StrubeltEmail author
Living reference work entry



Local materials

Materials available within a specific region (area), for example, wood, stone, or sand, are considered local materials.

Local multiplier

The local multiplier analyzes the impact of flows of income and money on the local economy.

Local shopping

This term describes the act of buying local products locally, leaving the revenue within the local community. It is a term that considers where products come from and where money is spent. Local shopping is occasionally also referred to as local spending, local buying, or local consumption.


Local can be defined as a relative term for the purposes of this article. It describes proximity to a certain location (town, city, home), the association to a political structural unit (municipality, county, etc.) as well as social nearness to a community or network.


The 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) with...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Logistics and Material Handling SystemsOtto-von-Guericke University MagdeburgMagdeburgGermany

Section editors and affiliations

  • Olga Kuznetsova
    • 1
  1. 1.Economics, Policy and International BuisnessManchester Metropolitan University,ManchesterUK