Sustainable Cities and Communities

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökcin Özuyar, Tony Wall

Globalization and Cities

  • Manoranjan MohantyEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-71061-7_52-1

Synonym

Definition

Globalization is defined as a process of interaction or integration of national economic systems through the growth in international trade, investment and capital, and spread of modern technologies of industrial production and communication. It is a process whereby the world’s economies, societies, and cultures are becoming closely intertwined. Globalizing processes are breaking down barriers to cross-national flow of people, goods, services, ideas, and technology. It seeks to eliminate political and geographical distances between peoples through the technological revolution. Globalization is characterized by more interconnectedness, interdependence, and integration. A city is a large human settlement with a distinct social, economic, and political function. A city is the central location for capital, labor, and information.

Introduction

In this entry, globalization and cities are discussed critically. At the outset, the concept...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Abrahamson M (2004) Global cities. Oxford University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  2. Alderson AS, Beckfield J, Sprague-Jones J (2010) Intercity relations and globalization: the evolution of the global urban hierarchy, 1981–2007. Urban Stud 47(9):1899–1923CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Appadurai A (1990) Disjuncture and difference in the global economy. Wiley, London/New YorkGoogle Scholar
  4. Beaverstock JV, Smith RG, Taylor PJ, Walker DRF, Lorimer H (2000) Globalization and world cities: some measurement methodologies. Appl Geogr 20(1):43–63CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Benton-Short L, Price MD, Friedman S (2005) Globalization from below: the ranking of global immigrant cities. Int J Urban Reg Res 29(40):945–959CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cabigon JV (2006) Cities in globalization. Asia Pac Soc Sci Rev 6(2):73–102Google Scholar
  7. Castells M (1989) The informational city: information technology, economic restructuring, and the urban-regional process. Basil Blackwell, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  8. Castells M (1996) The rise of network society. Blackwell, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  9. Castells M (2000) The information age: economy, society and culture, volume I: the rise of the network society. Blackwell, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  10. Derudder B, Hoyler M, Taylor PJ, Witlox F (eds) (2012) International handbook of globalization and world cities. Edward Elgar, CheltenhamGoogle Scholar
  11. Fainstein SS, Gordon I, Harloe M (1992) Divided cities: New York and London in the contemporary world. Blackwell, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  12. Fang C, Yu D (2017) Urban agglomeration: an evolving concept of an emerging phenomenon. Landsc Urban Plan 162:126–136CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Friedmann J (1986) The world city hypothesis. Dev Chang 4:12–50CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Friedmann J (2001) Intercity networks in a globalizing era. In: Scott AJ (ed) Global city-regions: trends, theory and policy. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp 119–136Google Scholar
  15. Hu B, Chen C (2015) New urbanization under globalization and the social implications in China. Available at: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/app5.68. Accessed 23 April 2018
  16. Knight RV, Gappert G (eds) (1989) Cities in a global society, Urban affairs annual reviews, vol 35. Sage Publications, Beverly HillsGoogle Scholar
  17. Knox PL (1995) World cities and the organization of global space. In: Johnston RJ, Taylor PJ, Watts MJ (eds) Geographies of global change. Remapping the world. Basil Blackwell, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  18. Knox PL (1996) Globalization and the world city hypothesis. Scott Geogr Mag 112:124–126Google Scholar
  19. Knox PL, Taylor PJ (eds) (1995) World cities in a world-system. Cambridge University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  20. Kratke S, Taylor PJ (2004) A world geography of global media cities. Eur Plan Stud 12(4):459–477CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Liu A (2016) Global cities initiatives, brooking metropolitan policy program, global cities summit, 29 September 2016. Available at: https://www.brookings.edu/articles/remarks-by-amy-liu-at-the-global-cities-summit/. Accessed 10 May 2018
  22. Lo FC, Yeung Y-M (eds) (1998) Globalization and the world of large cities. United Nations University Press, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  23. Mainka A (2018) Smart world cities in 21st century. De Gruyter, BostonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Marcuse P, van Kempen R (eds) (2000) Globalizing cities: a new spatial order? Blackwell, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  25. Orum AM, Chen X (2003) The world of cities: places in comparative and historical perspective. Blackwell Publishing, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  26. Pain K (n.d.) City-regions and economic development. Available at: https://www.metropolis.org/sites/default/files/cityregions_complete_0.pdf. Accessed 28 April 2018
  27. Pain K, Van Hamme G (eds) (2014) Changing urban and regional relations in a globalizing world: Europe as a global macro-region. Edward Elgar, CheltenhamGoogle Scholar
  28. Richardson HW, Bae CHC (eds) (2005) Globalization and urban development. Springer, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  29. van Kempen R (2007) Divided cities in the 21st century: challenging the importance of globalisation. J Housing Built Environ 22:13–31CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Sassen S (1991) The global city: New York, London, Tokyo. Princeton University Press, PrincetonGoogle Scholar
  31. Sassen S (1994) Cities in a world economy. Pine Forge Press, Thousand OaksGoogle Scholar
  32. Sassen S (2005) The global city: introducing a concept. Brown J World Aff 11(2):27–43Google Scholar
  33. Sassen S (2006) Cities in a world economy. Pine Forge Press, Thousand OaksGoogle Scholar
  34. Scott A (ed) (2001) Global city-regions: trends, theory, policy. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  35. Short JR, Kim YH (1999) Globalization and the city. Longmans, Harlow/EssexGoogle Scholar
  36. Smith DA (1996) Third world cities in global perspective: the political economy of uneven urbanization. Westview Press, BoulderGoogle Scholar
  37. Smith DA, Timberlake M (1993) World cities: a political economy/global network approach. Res Urban Sociol 3:181–207Google Scholar
  38. Stock WG (2011) Informational cities: analysis and construction of cities in the knowledge society. J Am Soc Inf Sci Technol 62(5):963–986CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Taylor PJ (1997) Hierarchical tendencies amongst world cities: a global research proposal. Cities 14:323–332CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Taylor PJ (2000) World cities and territorial states under conditions of contemporary globalisation. Polit Geogr 19(5):5–32CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Taylor PJ (2004) World city network: a global urban analysis. Routledge, LondonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Taylor PJ (2005) Leading world cities: empirical evaluations of urban nodes in multiple networks. Urban Stud 42(9):1593–1608CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Taylor PJ, Catalano G, Walker DRF (2004) Multiple globalisations: regional, hierarchical and sector articulations of global business services through world cities. Serv Ind J 24(3):63–81CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Taylor PJ, Derudder B, Saey P, Witlox F (eds) (2007) Cities in globalisation: practices, policies and theories. Routledge, LondonGoogle Scholar
  45. Taylor PJ, Walker DRF, Catalano G, Hoyler M (2002) Diversity and power in world city network. Cities 10(4):231–241CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Timberlake M (ed) (1985) Urbanization in the world-economy. Academic Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  47. UN –Habitat (2001) Cities in a globalized world: global report on human settlements. Earthscan Publications Ltd, LondonGoogle Scholar
  48. United Nations (2013) Sustainable development goals. Available at: http://www.unfoundation.org/features/globalgoals/the-global-goals.html. Accessed 15 May 2018
  49. Wellerstein I (1974) The modern world-system. Academic Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  50. Yeoh ASB (1999) Global/globalizing cities. Prog Hum Geogr 23(4):607–616CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Yu CFD (2017) Urban agglomeration: an evolving concept of an emerging phenomenon. Landsc Urban Plan 162:126–136CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The University of the South PacificSuvaFiji

Section editors and affiliations

  • Samuel Borges Barbosa
    • 1
  1. 1.Federal University of ViçosaRio ParanaíbaBrazil