Sustainable Cities and Communities

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökcin Özuyar, Tony Wall

Stormwater Management: An Overview

  • Luciene Pimentel da SilvaEmail author
  • Fábio Teodoro de Souza
Living reference work entry


Stormwater management (SWM) focuses on reducing runoff volumes and improving water quality. Stormwater is all rainwater or melted snow and hail that runs off pavements, streets, lawns, and other land surfaces and did not infiltrate into the soils or other permeable surfaces. Stormwater is of special concern because of its potential to cause floods and natural disasters. Also, it is a major cause of water pollution in urban areas and a source for water-disease transmission. Excess overland flow is due to intense storms and other severe weather phenomena combined with favorable hydrological conditions and land use issues of the built environment, which ultimately exposes gaps in SWM (McGrane 2016). Storms may also cause landslides. These mass movements eventually flow into streams, rivers, and coastal zones, causing riverbank erosion and potentially worse floods, as all these solid materials and debris reduce or block river flow sections and interfere with estuarine areas....

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.



We would like to show our gratitude to Araucaria Foundation for sponsoring the senior post-doctoral fellowship of Professor Luciene Pimentel da Silva.


  1. Abebe YA, Ghorbani A, Nikolic I et al (2019) A coupled flood-agent-institution modeling (CLAIM) framework for urban flood risk management. Environ Model Softw 111:483–492. Scholar
  2. Ballard BW, Wilson S, Udale-Clarke H et al (eds) (2015) The SuDS manual (C753). Accessed 20 June 2019
  3. Dickson DW, Chadwick CB, Arnold CL (2011) National LID atlas: a collaborative online database of innovative stormwater management practices. Mar Technol Soc J 45(2):59–64. Scholar
  4. ESA. European Space Agency. Accessed 20 June 2019
  5. Fletcher TD, Shuster W, Hunt WF et al (2015) SuDS, LID, BMPs, WSUD and more – the evolution and application of terminology surrounding urban drainage. Urban Water J 12(7):525–542. Scholar
  6. Gao YL, Babin N, Turner AJ, Hoffa CR, Peel S, Prokopy LS (2016) Understanding urban-suburban adoption and maintenance of rain barrels. Landsc Urban Plan 153:99–110. Scholar
  7. IDMC. Internal Displacement Monitoring Center (2018) Global report on internal displacement (GRID). Accessed 20 June 2019
  8. IPCC. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (2014) AR5 synthesis report: climate change 2014. Accessed 20 June 2019
  9. McGrane SJ (2016) Impacts of urbanization on hydrological and water quality dynamics, and urban water management: a review. Hydrol Sci J 61(13): 2295–2311. Scholar
  10. O’Donnell EC, Thorne CR, Yeakley JA (2019) Managing urban flood risk in blue-green cities: the clean water for all initiative. J Flood Risk Manage 12(1):1–5. Scholar
  11. Qiao X-J, Kristoffesson A, Randrup TB (2018) Challenges to implementing urban sustainable stormwater management from a governance perspective: a literature review. J Clean Prod 196:943–952. Scholar
  12. Ramsar Convention on Wetlands (2018) Global Wetland Outlook: state of the world’s wetlands and their services to people. Ramsar Convention Secretariat, Gland. Accessed 20 June 2019Google Scholar
  13. Salvadore E, Bronders J, Batelaan O (2015) Hydrological modelling of urbanized catchments: a review and future directions. J Hydrol 529(Part 1):62–81. Scholar
  14. Seaberg D, Devine L, Zhuang J (2017) A review of game theory applications in natural disaster management research. Nat Hazards 89:1461–1483. Scholar
  15. UN. United Nations (2018a) The Sustainable Developments Goals report 2018. Accessed 20 June 2019
  16. UN. United Nations. Department of Economic and Social Affairs. NEWS (2018b) 68% of the world population projected to live in urban areas by 2050, says UN. Accessed 20 June 2019
  17. UNESCO. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (2012) United Nations world water development report 4: managing water under uncertainty and risk. Access in 20 June 2019
  18. UNISDR. The United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (2015) The human cost of weather related disasters. Accessed 20 June 2019
  19. UN-HYOGO (2005) United Nations HYOGO framework for action 2005–2015: building the resilience of nations and communities to disaster. Accessed 20 June 2019
  20. UN-SENDAI (2015) United Nations Sendai framework for disaster risk reduction (2015–2030). Accessed 20 June 2019
  21. UN-SENDAI (2019) United Nations Sendai framework. Voluntary commitments synthesis and analysis reportGoogle Scholar
  22. UN-WWDR. United Nations World Water Development Report (2018) Nature-based solutions for water. Accessed 20 June 2019
  23. USEPA. United States Environmental Protection Agency (2000) Low impact development (LID). A literature review. Accessed 20 June 2019
  24. USEPAa. United States Environmental Protection Agency. Accessed 20 June 2019
  25. USEPAb. United States Environmental Protection Agency. Accessed 20 June 2019
  26. van Roon M, van Roon H (2009) Low impact urban design and development: the big picture. University of Auckland. Accessed 20 June 2019
  27. Vojinovic Z, Abbott MB (2017) Twenty-five years of hydroinformatics. Water 9(59):1–11. Scholar
  28. Vojinovic Z, Hammond M, Golub D et al (2016) Holistic approach to flood risk assessment in urban areas with cultural heritage: a practical application in Ayutthaya, Thailand. Nat Hazards 81:589–616CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. WHO. World Health Organization. Flood and communicable diseases. Accessed 20 June 2019
  30. WHO. World Health Organization (2016) Urban green spaces and health. A review of evidence. WHO Regional Office for Europe, Copenhagen. Accessed 20 June 2019Google Scholar
  31. WHO. World Health Organization-Europe (2017) Urban green spaces and health. A review of impacts and effectiveness. WHO Regional Office for Europe, Copenhagen. Accessed 20 June 2019Google Scholar
  32. WMO. World Meteorological Organization. Accessed 20 June 2019
  33. WRD. World Radar Database. Accessed 20 June 2019
  34. WSUD (2009) Water Sensitive Urban Design technical manual. Greater Adelaide region Accessed 20 June 2019
  35. Zevenberger C, Fu D, Pathirana A (2018) Transitioning to sponge cities: challenges and opportunities to address urban water problems in China. Water 10(1230):1–13. Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Luciene Pimentel da Silva
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Fábio Teodoro de Souza
    • 2
  1. 1.State University of Rio de JaneiroRio de JaneiroBrazil
  2. 2.Pontifical Catholic University of ParanáCuritibaBrazil

Section editors and affiliations

  • Erin A. Hopkins
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Apparel, Housing and Resource ManagementVirginia TechBlacksburgUSA