Sustainable Cities and Communities

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökcin Özuyar, Tony Wall

Social Innovation: An Instrument to Achieve the Sustainable Development of Communities

  • Elisa RavazzoliEmail author
  • Diana E. Valero
Living reference work entry


  • Social innovation: is the “reconfiguring of social practices, in response to societal challenges, which seeks to enhance outcomes on societal well-being and necessarily includes the engagement of civil society actors” (Polman et al. 2017).

  • Sustainable communities: The definition of community endorsed by EPA for CBEP efforts includes places that are associated with an environmental issue(s). The community may be organized around a neighborhood, a town, a city, or a region (such as a watershed, valley, or coastal area). It may be defined by either natural geographic or political boundaries. The key factor is that the people involved have a common interest in protecting an identifiable, shared environment and quality of life (USEPA 1999).

  • Community development: is a process designed to create conditions of economic and social progress for the whole community with its active participation and fullest possible reliance upon the community’s initiative (UN 1955). “Community...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Regional Development, Eurac ResearchBolzano/BozenItaly
  2. 2.Centre for Mountain Studies, University of the Highlands and IslandsPerthScotland

Section editors and affiliations

  • Erin A. Hopkins
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Apparel, Housing and Resource ManagementVirginia TechBlacksburgUSA