Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökcin Özuyar, Tony Wall

Public Transport’s Contribution Toward Achieving the Sustainable Development Goals

  • Maria  SpandouEmail author
  • Rosário Macário
Living reference work entry



Urban mobility component, consisting of road, rail, and waterborne transport modes that transport fare-paying passengers (full or reduced fare/concessionary travel schemes). It comprises infrastructure, services, fleet, rolling stock, and equipment, provided by the public sector through policy decisions, planned by the public and/or private sector and produced by public, private, or hybrid organizations. Irrespective of being a collective or individual service, it includes:
  • Formal regulated services with fixed routes and schedules

  • Formal regulated demand responsive services with semifixed schedules and flexible routes

  • Informal unregulated services with semifixed/flexible routes and flexible schedules

For relevant definitions see also Cervero ( 2000), Vuchic ( 2007), and Meyer ( 2016)


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CERIS, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de LisboaLisbonPortugal

Section editors and affiliations

  • Heather Jones
    • 1
  1. 1.CESUR, Center for Urban and Regional Systems, Department of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Instituto Superior TécnicoUniversity of LisbonLisbonPortugal