Decent Work and Economic Growth

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökcin Özuyar, Tony Wall

Ecotourism and Sustainable Development

  • Tara FreudeEmail author
Living reference work entry



According to the World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), “Tourism is a social, cultural and economic phenomenon which entails the movement of people to countries or places outside their usual environment for personal or business/professional purposes. These people are called visitors (which may be either tourists or excursionists; residents or non-residents) and tourism has to do with their activities, some of which involve tourism expenditure” (UNWTO 2014, p. 1).

Tourism sector

The UNWTO further defined Tourism sector as: “the cluster of production units in different industries that provide consumption goods and services demanded by visitors. Such industries are called tourism industries because visitor acquisition represents such a significant share of their supply that, in the absence of visitors, their production of these would cease to exist in meaningful quantity” (UNWTO 2014, p. 12).

Sustainable tourism

Is defined by the UNWTO as “Tourism that takes full account...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Sustainability, Leuphana UniversityLüneburgGermany
  2. 2.School of Sustainability, Arizona State UniversityTempeUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Rimjhim M Aggarwal
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Sustainability Arizona State UniversityTempeUSA