Climate Change Awareness and Adaptation Measures Among Farmers in Cross River and Akwa Ibom States of Nigeria

  • A. U. OgogoEmail author
  • M. U. Ekong
  • N. M. Ifebueme
Living reference work entry


Climate change awareness and adaptation measures by farmers in Cross River and Akwa Ibom States of Nigeria were assessed. Multistage sampling technique was used. Five villages were randomly selected from each of the randomly selected three local government areas (LGAs) in Cross River and Akwa Ibom States of Nigeria. Thereafter, 0.8% sampling intensity was used to select the households giving 375 farmers. Structured questionnaires, focused group discussion, and personal interviews were used to collect data. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. From the results 76% of the household heads were men within the age bracket of 31–40 years, with the family size of 4–6. The respondents that knew little about climate change were 12.8%, while 46.4% did not know about climate change at all. At least 39.2% of the respondents adopted measures to combat climate change which was significantly low (P > 0.05). These measures included use of improved crop varieties, weather forecast, education and training, and soil and water conservation. It was recommended that farmers should be educated on climate change affecting them through forest extension agents, institutions, and government using radio and television. Afforestation/reforestation programs and adequate forest law enforcement should be carried out.


Climate variability consciousness Farmers’ resilience Cross River and Akwa Ibom States Nigeria 


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Forestry and Wildlife Resources ManagementUniversity of CalabarCalabarNigeria

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