Advertisement

Tradition Versus Climate Change: Cultural Importance of Indigenous Fruit Tree and Adaptation in Benin, West Africa

  • Laurent GnonlonfinEmail author
  • Christine N. A. Ouinsavi
  • Gérard Gouwakinnou
  • Belarmain A. Fandohan
  • Towanou Olivier Houetchegnon
Living reference work entry

Latest version View entry history

Abstract

While climate variation and its impact on fruit tree species conservation are well documented around the world, few researches tackle the problem in West Africa and particularly in Benin. The present study aimed to evaluate vulnerability of indigenous fruit trees (IFT) to climate change based on the assessment of their diversity (in natural and parklands habitat) and their cultural importance. Objectives were to inventory the diversity of IFT and document knowledge and cultural importance of IFT for a better integration of population’s traditions in participatory forests management. Data were collected on fields, market surveys, and interviews. Results showed the importance of indigenous fruit trees’ organ trade for different classes of the population, from rural communities around protected areas. Food and magic uses were more important than medicinal uses. This study shows the relative importance of uses and trade of tree organs which could be the threat for species’ conservation in Benin. Nevertheless, the place of food tree species in Benin’s culture can also be positive for no vulnerability to climate variation.

Keywords

Tradition Sociocultural importance Indigenous fruit tree Trade Products Benin 

References

  1. Adomou (2005) Vegetation patterns and environmental gradients in Benin. Implications for biogeography and conservation. PhD Thesis, Wageningen UniversityGoogle Scholar
  2. Arbonnier (2002) Arbres, arbustes et lianes des zones sèches d’Afrique de l’Ouest. 2ème. [Montpellier]: CIRAD;[Paris]; Museum national d’histoire naturelle 573p.-illus., col. illus. Fr Icones, Anatomy and morphology, KeysGoogle Scholar
  3. Assogbadjo et al (2002) Connaissances ethnobotaniques et valorisation du baobab (Adansonia digitata) pour la sécurité alimentaire des populations rurales au Bénin. Plant Genet Res Food Secur West Cent Africa 1:66–76.4Google Scholar
  4. Biaou (2006) Land use impact on Vitellaria paradoxa CF. Gaerten. Stand structure and distribution patterns: a comparison of Biosphere Reserve of Pendjari in Atacora district in Benin. Agoforestry Syst 72:205–220Google Scholar
  5. Colfer (2008) Negleted plants of food importance in traditional farming systems of tropical Africa. Londres. RU. Earthscan publications. 52:131–150Google Scholar
  6. Dagnelie (2013) Statistique théorique et appliquée (tome 1) – 2013 … Principes généraux relatifs aux distributions d’échantillonnageGoogle Scholar
  7. Daniggelis (2003) Local species highly valued by women and men in Tanzania. In Forests, food security and gender: linckages, disparities and priorities for action. International conference on forests for food security and nutrition. 20 pGoogle Scholar
  8. Devineau JL (1999) Ecologie des principales espèces ligneuses alimentaires et fourragères dans un système de culture-jachère: Sud-Ouest du Burkina-Faso. Actes du Séminaire International sur la jachère en Afrique tropicale 13–16 avril 1999; Dakar; 1996, 441–450Google Scholar
  9. Dossou EM et al (2016) Analyse de l’impact du changement climatique sur l’aire de distribution actuelle et future de Lannea microcarpa Engl. & K. Krause au Bénin, Afrique de l’Ouest. Afrique Sci 12(1):27–38Google Scholar
  10. Eyog-Matig O (1999) Espèces Ligneuses Médicinales. Compte rendu de la première réunion du Réseau: 15–17 décembre 1999; Station IITA Cotonou, Bénin. In Réseau Institut International des Ressources PhytogénétiquesGoogle Scholar
  11. Eyog-Matig O et al (2002) Espèces Ligneuses Alimentaires. Compte rendu de la première réunion du Réseau: 11–13 décembre 2000; CNSF Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. In Réseau Institut International des Ressources PhytogénétiquesGoogle Scholar
  12. Fandohan B et al (2017) Usages traditionnels et valeur économique de Synsepalum dulcicum au Sud-Bénin. Bois et Forêts des Tropiques 332(2):2–3Google Scholar
  13. FAO (2001) Evaluation des ressources en produits forestiers non ligneux. Expériences et principes de biométrie au niveau Ecorégional. Rapport Produits forestiers non ligneux 13. ISSN 1020–9727Google Scholar
  14. Ferris et al (2014) Forests and food: addressing hunger and nutrition across sustainable landscapes. Understanding the roles of forests and trees based system in food provision. Incomes from cultivated. OpenBook. IUFRO PublishersGoogle Scholar
  15. Glanz et al (2005) Value of indigenous fruit trees and its influence on diet in West Africa. In Nutrition and food systems-Global alliance for improved nutrition in low income country. Report 12Google Scholar
  16. Gouwakinnou GN et al (2011) Local knowledge, pattern and diversity of use of Sclerocarya birrea. J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 7(8):1746–4269Google Scholar
  17. Gyampoh BA et al (2015) Using traditional knowledge to cope with climate change in rural Ghana. www.fao.org/docrep/011/i0670e/i0670e14.htm
  18. INSAE (2013) Effectifs de la population des villages et quartiers de ville du Bénin : Institut National de la Statistique et de l’Analyse Economique (INSAE). Cotonou, Bénin. Accessed via-http://www.insae-bj.org/recensement-population.html?file=files/publications/RGPH4/Cahier_VillageRGPH4_2013.pdf
  19. Jamnadass et al (2011) The role of wild plants in the native diet in Africa. Agroecosystem 1:45–56Google Scholar
  20. Jones, Thornton (2003) Seasonal traditional fruits and vegetable of Tropical Africa.Challenges of Agricultural Adaptation to Climate Change in Nigeria: a Synthesis from the Literature. Journal of field action. Openedition.org
  21. Koura K et al (2011) Ethnic differences in use values and use patterns of Parkia biglobosa in northern Benin. J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 7(42):1–12Google Scholar
  22. Kuhnlein et al (2009) Edible wild fruit trees and shrubs and their socioeconomic significance in Central Ethiopia. Ethnobot Res Appl 14:183–197Google Scholar
  23. MAEP (2011) Plan Stratégique de Relance du Secteur Agricole (PSRSA). In Plan stratégique opérationnel, Orientations stratégiques de développement du Bénin 2006–2011Google Scholar
  24. Marquet et al (2005) People’s needs and the role of indigenous trees in Tanzania. Indigenous Plants: Key Role Players in Community HorticultureGoogle Scholar
  25. Nwafor (2007) Non wood forest products: The way ahead. Rome, Food and Agriculture Organization, FAO Forestry Paper no. 97. 37pGoogle Scholar
  26. Odjugo (2010) Proceedings of the twelfth plenary meeting of AETFAT, Symposium VIII, pp 911–928Google Scholar
  27. Ouédraogo A-S (1995) Parkia biglobosa (Leguminosae) en Afrique de l’Ouest: biosystématique et amélioration. Thèse de Doctorat Université Agronomique de WageningenGoogle Scholar
  28. R Core Team (2017) R: a language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. https://www.R-project.org/
  29. Salick et al (2007) Leafing, flowering and fruiting of indigenous fruit trees in savannah parklands in Uganda. Agrofor Syst 60:77–91Google Scholar
  30. Shackleton (2004) Trees for food and fodder in the savanna areas of West Africa. Int Tree Crops J 1:131–141Google Scholar
  31. Sunderland (2011) The contribution of wild plants to human nutrition in the Sahelian zone. J Arid Environ 11(1):61–64Google Scholar
  32. UNFCCC (2007) Convention sur l’utilisation de la diversité biologique. www.un.org/fr/events/biodiversityday/convention.shtml
  33. Vira B et al (2016) Understanding the role of forests and trees-based systems in food provision: Addressing hunger and nutrition across sustainable landscapes (Forests and food). www.worldagroforestry.org/shambashapeup/resources/Forests-Trees-and-Landscapes.pdf
  34. Vodouhê GF et al (2009) Estimating local values of non-timber Forest products to Pendjari biosphere reserve dwellers in Benin. Econ Bot 63(4):397–412CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Ziervogel et al (2006) Comparative analysis of diversity and utilization of edible plants in arid and semi-arid areas in Benin. J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 10(80):1–20Google Scholar
  36. Zoellick (2009) Valuation of local use and dynamics of 56 woody species in the Sahel. Biodivers Conserv 13:1961–1990Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Laurent Gnonlonfin
    • 1
    Email author
  • Christine N. A. Ouinsavi
    • 1
  • Gérard Gouwakinnou
    • 2
  • Belarmain A. Fandohan
    • 3
  • Towanou Olivier Houetchegnon
    • 1
  1. 1.Doctoral School of Agronomic and Water Sciences/Department of Sustainable Management of Natural Resources, Laboratory of Ecology and Forest Research (LERF)University of ParakouParakouRepublic of Benin
  2. 2.Laboratory of Ecology, Botanic and Plant Biology (LEB)University of ParakouParakouRepublic of Benin
  3. 3.Université nationale d’agriculture École des sciences et techniques de conservation et de transformation des produits agricoles BP 114SakétéBénin

Personalised recommendations