Quality Education

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökcin Özuyar, Tony Wall

Holistic Thinking and the Worldviews-Based Learning Framework

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-69902-8_6-1



Holistic thinking has been broadly defined as a pattern of thought that usually focuses on the whole rather than the parts. The key motivation behind this thinking style is that understanding the behavior of the whole can’t be achieved by looking separately at the behavior of each of the parts but rather from observing their interactions (Jackson 2006; Miller 2009).

One of the main challenges inherent to this thinking style is the clear identification of what is a whole and what is a part; everything around seems to be both wholes and parts at the same time (Jackson 2006). An animal may be perceived as a whole integrated by the circulatory, respiratory, and musculoskeletal parts; simultaneously, the holistic approach would perceive that same animal as a part of a more complex whole like an ecosystem, interacting with other multiple parts, in highly complex ways.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Transdisciplinary CollectiveSydneyAustralia
  2. 2.Environmental Education and TrainingMexico CityMexico

Section editors and affiliations

  • Umesh Chandra Pandey
    • 1
  1. 1.Indira Gandhi National Open University, Regional CentreBhopalIndia