Encyclopedia of Gerontology and Population Aging

Living Edition
| Editors: Danan Gu, Matthew E. Dupre

Reality Orientation

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-69892-2_713-1
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Synonyms

Definition

Reality Orientation is a broad-based, therapeutic technique designed to increase cognitive stimulation by orienting an individual with dementia to the present.

Overview

Reality Orientation was first described by Taulbee and Folsom (1966) as a treatment for disoriented older adults residing in assisted living facilities (Woods et al. 2012). The “Reality Orientation” approach was based on the view that individuals with dementia “withdraw” from their environment. As such, the goal was to re-engage and stimulate individuals to regain previous functions or develop new ways to compensate for cognitive deficits (Powell-Proctor and Miller 1982; Woods et al. 2012). The intervention consists of presenting information about current time and place and “orienting” the individual to recent events, as well as correcting individuals when they become disoriented (See “Cognitive Training”). The Reality Orientation approach takes...

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References

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of FloridaGainesvilleUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Adam J. Woods
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of NeuroscienceGainesvilleUSA