Encyclopedia of Gerontology and Population Aging

Living Edition
| Editors: Danan Gu, Matthew E. Dupre

Wearable Technology

  • Samaneh MadanianEmail author
  • Hoa Hong Nguyen
  • Farhaan Mirza
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-69892-2_459-1



Wearable technology refers to a large class of electronic and mobile devices that are integrated into implants, accessories, or outfits and can be worn on the body as portable measurement tools (Gao et al. 2015). This technology also includes the software applications with analytic algorithms embedded in wearable devices (Schüll 2016). These technologies can connect to communication infrastructure; sense, store, and transmit data; and perform some computations (Hiremath et al. 2014; Godfrey et al. 2018). Due to their small size and ease of usage, these wearable technologies have increasingly been applied to provide smarter solutions in healthcare-related fields.


Aging population is a current challenge for most healthcare systems around the...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Ahmed M, Mehmood N, Nadeem A, Mehmood A, Rizwan K (2017) Fall detection system for the elderly based on the classification of shimmer sensor prototype data. Healthc Inform Res 23(3):147–158.  https://doi.org/10.4258/hir.2017.23.3.147 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Airehrour D, Madanian S, Abraham AM (2018) Designing a memory-aid and reminder system for dementia patients and older adults. In: Filip FG (ed) Proceedings of the 17th international conference on informatics in economy, Bucharest, pp 75–81Google Scholar
  3. Baig MM, GholamHosseini H (2013) A remote monitoring system with early diagnosis of hypertension and hypotension. Paper presented at IEEE Point-of-Care Healthcare Technologies (PHT), Bangalore, 16–18 Jan 2013.  https://doi.org/10.1109/PHT.2013.6461278
  4. Basanta H, Huang Y, Lee T (2016) Intuitive IoT-based H2U healthcare system for elderly people. In: 13th IEEE International Conference on Networking, Sensing, and Control (ICNSC), Mexico City, 28–30 Apr 2016, pp 1–6.  https://doi.org/10.1109/ICNSC.2016.7479018
  5. Bento VF, Cruz VT, Ribeiro DD, Cunha JP (2012) The vibratory stimulus as a neurorehabilitation tool for stroke patients: proof of concept and tolerability test. Neuro Rehabil J 30(4):287–293.  https://doi.org/10.3233/nre-2012-0757 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bisio I, Lavagetto F, Marchese M, Sciarrone A (2015) A smartphone-centric platform for remote health monitoring of heart failure. Int J Commun Syst 28(11):1753–1771.  https://doi.org/10.1002/dac.2778 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cacho-Elizondo S, Lázaro Álvarez J-D, Garcia V-E (2017) Assessing the opportunities for virtual, augmented, and diminished reality in the healthcare sector. In: Menvielle L, Audrain-Pontevia A-F, Menvielle W (eds) The digitization of healthcare: new challenges and opportunities. Palgrave Macmillan, London, pp 323–344.  https://doi.org/10.1057/978-1-349-95173-4_18 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Chan TC, Killeen J, Griswold W, Lenert L (2004) Information technology and emergency medical care during disasters. J Soc Acad Emerg Med 11(11):1229–1236.  https://doi.org/10.1197/j.aem.2004.08.018 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Chen M, Gonzalez S, Leung V, Zhang Q, Li M (2010) A 2G-RFID-based e-healthcare system. IEEE Wirel Commun 17(1):37–43CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Cheng Y, Jiang C, Shi J (2015) A fall detection system based on sensorTag and Windows 10 IoT Core. In: International conference on mechanical science and engineering, 22 Mar.  https://doi.org/10.2991/mse-15.2016.41
  11. Chiarini G, Ray P, Akter S, Masella C, Ganz A (2013) mHealth technologies for chronic diseases and elders: a systematic review. IEEE J Sel Areas Commun 31(9):6–18.  https://doi.org/10.1109/JSAC.2013.SUP.0513001 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Chuang J, Maimoon L, Yu S, Zhu H, Nybroe C, Hsiao O, Li SH, Lu H, Chen H (2016) SilverLink: smart home health monitoring for senior care. In: Zheng X, Zeng DD, Chen H, Leischow SJ (eds) ICSH 2015: International Conference on Smart Health, Phoenix 2015 (Lecture notes in computer science), vol 9545. Springer, Switzerland, p 3CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Daponte P, De Vito L, Sementa CA (2013) A wireless-based home rehabilitation system for monitoring 3D movements. In: IEEE international symposium on Medical Measurements and Applications (MeMeA), Gatineau, 4–5 May 2013, pp 282–287.  https://doi.org/10.1109/MeMeA.2013.6549753
  14. Darshan K, Anandakumar K (2015) A comprehensive review on usage of Internet of Things (IoT) in healthcare system. In: IEEE International Conference on Emerging Research in Electronics, Computer Science and Technology (ICERECT), Mandya, 17–19 Dec 2015Google Scholar
  15. Dierckx R, Pellicori P, Cleland JG, Clark AL (2015) Telemonitoring in heart failure: big brother watching over you. Heart Fail Rev 20(1):107–116.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10741-014-9449-4 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Dohr A, Modre-Opsrian R, Drobics M, Hayn D, Schreier G (2010) The internet of things for ambient assisted living. In: 7th international conference on information technology: new generations, Las Vegas, 12–14 Apr 2010, pp 804–809.  https://doi.org/10.1109/ITNG.2010.104
  17. Fanucci L, Saponara S, Bacchillone T, Donati M, Barba P, Sanchez-Tato I, Carmona C (2013) Sensing devices and sensor signal processing for remote monitoring of vital signs in CHF patients. IEEE Trans Instrum Meas 62(3):553–569.  https://doi.org/10.1109/TIM.2012.2218681 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Fortino G, Parisi D, Pirrone V, Di Fatta G (2014) BodyCloud: a SaaS approach for community body sensor networks. Futur Gener Comput Syst 35:62–79.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.future.2013.12.015 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Gao Y, Li H, Luo Y (2015) An empirical study of wearable technology acceptance in healthcare. Ind Manag Data Syst 115(9):1704–1723.  https://doi.org/10.1108/IMDS-03-2015-0087 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Gasparrini S, Cippitelli E, Spinsante S, Gambi E (2014) A depth-based fall detection system using a Kinect(R) sensor. Sensors 14(2):2756–2775.  https://doi.org/10.3390/s140202756 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Godfrey A, Hetherington V, Shum H, Bonato P, Lovell NH, Stuart S (2018) From A to Z: wearable technology explained. Maturitas 113:40–47.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.maturitas.2018.04.012 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Gund A, Ekman I, Lindecrantz K, Sjoqvist BA, Staaf EL, Thorneskold N (2008) Design evaluation of a home-based telecare system for chronic heart failure patients. Conference proceedings: annual international conference of the IEEE engineering in medicine and biology society, Vancouver, 20–25 Aug 2008, pp 5851–5854.  https://doi.org/10.1109/iembs.2008.4650545
  23. Hiremath S, Yang G, Mankodiya K (2014) Wearable internet of things: concept, architectural components and promises for person-centered healthcare. In: 4th international conference on wireless mobile communication and healthcare – transforming healthcare through innovations in mobile and wireless technologies (MOBIHEALTH), 3–5 November 2014, pp 304–307.  https://doi.org/10.1109/MOBIHEALTH.2014.7015971
  24. Huang S, Chang H, Jhu Y, Chen G (2014) The intelligent pill box – design and implementation. In: IEEE international conference on consumer electronics, Taipei, 26–28 May 2014, pp 235–236.  https://doi.org/10.1109/ICCE-TW.2014.6904076
  25. Jeon B, Lee JK, Choi J (2013) Design and implementation of a wearable ECG system. Int J Smart Home 7(2):61–69Google Scholar
  26. Jimenez F, Torres R (2015) Building an IoT-aware healthcare monitoring system. In: 34th international conference of the Chilean Computer Science Society (SCCC), Santiago, 9–13 November 2015, pp 1–4.  https://doi.org/10.1109/SCCC.2015.7416592
  27. Kalid N, Zaidan AA, Zaidan BB, Salman OH, Hashim M, Muzammil H (2017) Based real time remote health monitoring systems: a review on patients prioritization and related “big data” using body sensors information and communication technology. J Med Syst 42(2):30.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10916-017-0883-4 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Kirby B, Mosley B (2015) The architecture of wearable technology. K Sharp Ltd. Available via https://www.researchgate.net/publication/278327463_The_Architecture_of_Wearable_Technology. Accessed 2 Mar 2019
  29. Namahoot CS, Brückner M, Nuntawong C (2015) Mobile diagnosis system with emergency telecare in Thailand (MOD-SET). Procedia Comput Sci 69:86–95.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procs.2015.10.009 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Nguyen HH, Mirza F, Naeem MA (2017) A review on IoT healthcare monitoring applications and a vision for transforming sensor data into real-time clinical feedback. In: 21st IEEE international conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work in Design (CSCWD), Wellington, 26–28 Apr 2017, pp 257–262.  https://doi.org/10.1109/CSCWD.2017.8066704
  31. Paré G, Trudel MC, Jaana M, Kitsiou S (2015) Synthesizing information systems knowledge: a typology of literature reviews. Inf Manag 52(2):183–199.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.im.2014.08.008 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Parida M, Yang H, Jheng S, Kuo C (2012) Application of RFID technology for in-house drug management system. In: 15th international conference on network-based information systems, 26–28 Sept 2012, Melbourne, pp 577–581.  https://doi.org/10.1109/NBiS.2012.90
  33. Pollonini L, Rajan NO, Xu S, Madala S, Dacso CC (2012) A novel handheld device for use in remote patient monitoring of heart failure patients – design and preliminary validation on healthy subjects. J Med Syst 36(2):653–659.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10916-010-9531-y CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Powell J (2009) What is e-health? University of Warwick. http://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/med/research/themes/ehealth/whatisehealth/. Accessed 12 Dec 2018
  35. Reyes PM, Li S, Visich JK (2012) Accessing antecedents and outcomes of RFID implementation in health care. Int J Prod Econ 136(1):137–150.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpe.2011.09.024 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Schüll ND (2016) Data for life: wearable technology and the design of self-care. BioSocieties 11(3):317–333.  https://doi.org/10.1057/biosoc.2015.47 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Scilingo EP, Lanatà A, Tognetti A (2011) Sensors for wearable systems. In: Bonfiglio A, De Rossi D (eds) Wearable monitoring systems. Springer US, Boston, pp 3–25.  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-7384-9_1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Sharma R, Nah F, Sharma K, Katta TS, Pang N, Yong A (2016) A smart living for elderly: design and human-computer interaction considerations. In: Zhou J, Salvendy G (eds) Human aspects of IT for the aged population. Healthy and active aging. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 112–122CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Singh B, Kaur M (2010) IT applications in healthcare. In: Proceedings of the international conference and workshop on emerging trends in technology, ACM, Mumbai. pp 170–172.  https://doi.org/10.1145/1741906.1741940
  40. Suh MK, Chen CA, Woodbridge J, Tu MK, Kim JI, Nahapetian A, Evangelista LS, Sarrafzadeh M (2011) A remote patient monitoring system for congestive heart failure. J Med Syst 35(5):1165–1179.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10916-011-9733-y CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Timmermans AA, Seelen HA, Geers RP, Saini PK, Winter S, te Vrugt J, Kingma H (2010) Sensor-based arm skill training in chronic stroke patients: results on treatment outcome, patient motivation, and system usability. IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 18(3):284–292CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Wamba SF, Ngai EWT (2011) Unveiling the potential of RFID-enabled intelligent patient management: results of a Delphi study (2010). In: 44th Hawaii international conference on system sciences, Kauai, HI, 4–7 Jan 2011, pp 1–10.  https://doi.org/10.1109/HICSS.2011.468
  43. Wang Q, Chen W, Markopoulos P (2014) Literature review on wearable systems in upper extremity rehabilitation. In: IEEE-EMBS international conference on Biomedical and Health Informatics (BHI), Valencia, 1–4 June 2014, pp 551–555.  https://doi.org/10.1109/BHI.2014.6864424
  44. Zanjal SV, Talmale GR (2016) Medicine reminder and monitoring system for secure health using IoT. Procedia Comput Sci 78:471–476.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procs.2016.02.090 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Samaneh Madanian
    • 1
    Email author
  • Hoa Hong Nguyen
    • 1
  • Farhaan Mirza
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Engineering, Computer & Mathematical SciencesAuckland University of TechnologyAucklandNew Zealand

Section editors and affiliations

  • Ping Yu
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Engineering & Information Sciences, School of Computing and Information TechnologyUniversity of WollongongWollongongAustralia