Encyclopedia of Security and Emergency Management

Living Edition
| Editors: Lauren R. Shapiro, Marie-Helen Maras

Law: Specialized (REAL ID, OBIM, SAFETY Act)

  • Kevin GovernEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-69891-5_15-1


Security management is a broad field that encompasses everything from the supervision of security guards at malls and museums to the installation of high-tech security management systems designed to protect an organization’s data. Emergency management is the organization and management of resources and responsibilities for dealing with all humanitarian aspects of emergencies (preparedness, response, and recovery).


Specialized law consisting of compacts, statutes, and policies governs the intersection of the security management and emergency management.This entry summarizes some of the most significant of those prescriptions and proscriptions. Routine day-to-day operations as well as emergency operations of security management as well as emergency management agencies rely upon authorizations and appropriations to accomplish core missions. In the next section, some of the most important and commonly applied laws in those realms, laws that provide the basis for...


Emergency Management Assistance Compact EMAC Federal Employees Compensation Act (FECA) Federal Tort Claims Act FTCA Homeland Security Presidential Directives (HSPD) National Emergencies Act NEA National Response Framework NRF National Strategy Documents Office of Biometric Identity Management OBIM Pandemic and All Hazards Preparedness Act (PAHPA) Presidential Policy Directives PPD Public Health Service Act Public Readiness and Emergency Preparedness Act PREP Act REAL ID Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act Stafford Act Safety Act Social Security Act Volunteer Protection Act Policies 
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  1. Emergency Authority and Immunity Toolkit, Association of State and Territorial Health Officials. (2018). NEA, Available at http://www.astho.org/Programs/Preparedness/Public-Health-Emergency-Law/Emergency-Authority-and-Immunity-Toolkit/National-Emergencies-Act,-Sections-201-and-301-Fact-Sheet/
  2. Emergency Authority and Immunity Toolkit, Public Health Service Act, Section 319, Association of State and Territorial Health Officials. (2018). PHSA, http://www.astho.org/Programs/Preparedness/Public-Health-Emergency-Law/Emergency-Authority-and-Immunity-Toolkit/Public-Health-Service-Act,-Section-319-Fact-Sheet/
  3. Emergency Management Assistance Compact (EMAC). (2018). https://www.emacweb.org/
  4. Emergency Volunteer Toolkit, Volunteer Protection Acts and Good Samaritan Laws, Association of State and Territorial Health Officials. (2018). VPA, Available at http://www.astho.org/Programs/Preparedness/Public-Health-Emergency-Law/Emergency-Volunteer-Toolkit/Volunteer-Protection-Acts-and-Good-Samaritan-Laws-Fact-Sheet/
  5. Executive Overview, Key Federal Laws and Policies Regarding Emergency Authority and Immunity, Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO). (2018). Available at http://www.astho.org/Programs/Preparedness/Public-Health-Emergency-Law/Emergency-Authority-and-Immunity-Toolkit/Key-Federal-Laws-and-Policies-Regarding-Emergency-Authority-and-Immunity/
  6. Federal Emergency Management Agency, National response framework. (2016, June 16). 3rd edn, NRF, https://www.fema.gov/media-library/assets/documents/117791
  7. Federal Emergency Management Agency, Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (Public Law 93–288) as amended. (2018). Stafford Act, https://www.fema.gov/robert-t-stafford-disaster-relief-and-emergency-assistance-act-public-law-93-288-amended
  8. Health Resources and Services Administration – HRSA Health Center Program. (2018). FTCA, https://www.dol.gov/owcp/dfec/regs/compliance/feca550q.htm
  9. Homeland Security. (2016). Our Mission, last published 11 May 2016, https://www.dhs.gov/our-mission
  10. Homeland Security Digital Library, National strategy documents. (2018, Feb 13). NSD, https://www.hsdl.org/c/national-strategy-documents/
  11. Homeland Security, NIMS: Frequently asked questions. (2018). NIMS, https://www.fema.gov/pdf/emergency/nims/nimsfaqs.pdf
  12. Homeland Security, Office of biometric identity management. (2018). OBIM, https://www.dhs.gov/obim
  13. Homeland Security, Presidential Directives. (2018, Feb 8). HSPD, https://www.dhs.gov/presidential-directives
  14. Homeland Security, REAL ID. (2018). REAL ID, https://www.dhs.gov/real-id
  15. Homeland Security, The Office of SAFETY Act Implementation. (2018). (SAFETY Act), https://www.dhs.gov/science-and-technology/safety-act
  16. Social Security Administration. (2018). Compilation of the social security laws, Authority to waive requirements during national emergencies, Sec. e1135 [42 U.S.C. 1320b-5], SSA, https://www.ssa.gov/OP_Home/ssact/title11/1135.htm
  17. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Emergency – Pandemic and All Hazards Preparedness Act. (2018). PAHPA, https://www.phe.gov/preparedness/legal/pahpa/pages/default.aspx
  18. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Emergency – Public Readiness and Emergency Preparedness Act. (2018). PREP Act, https://www.phe.gov/Preparedness/legal/prepact/Pages/default.aspx
  19. United States Department of Labor, Officee of Workers’ Compensation Programs. (2018). FECA, https://www.dol.gov/owcp/dfec/regs/compliance/feca550q.htm

Further Readings

  1. Defense Support of Civil Authorities. (2013, July 31) Joint publication 3–28, http://www.jcs.mil/Portals/36/Documents/Doctrine/pubs/jp3_28.pdf
  2. Govern, K. H. (2016). Defense support of civil authorities: An examination of trends impacting upon police militarization. Washington and Lee Journal of Civil Rights and Social Justice, 23(1), 89–134. Fall 2016. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2978460.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ave Maria School of LawNaplesUSA