Healthcare Financing and Sustainability
Sustainable Development Goal 3 (SDG3): “ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages” (UN SDG 2018a).
Health care, in this entry, refers mainly to health promotion, disease prevention, diagnosis, and treatment services covering primary care, secondary care, tertiary care, and rehabilitation services, provided either on an out-patient basis or in a hospital setting.
Health care financing refers to sources of fund (both public and private sources) that can be used to pay for the above-mentioned health care services.
Seventeen Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) have been established by the United Nations as targets for the world to achieve with an objective to uphold sustainability (UN SDG 2018a). This entry is about SDG 3, which is to “ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages” (UN SDG 2018a), focusing on healthcare financing sustainability in light of population ageing. Environmental and social factors affecting human...
- Atun R (2004) What are the advantages and disadvantages of restructuring a healthcare system to be more focused on primary care services? Regional Office for Europe, World Health Organization, SwitzerlandGoogle Scholar
- Australian Government Productivity Commission (2015) Efficiency in health. Commonwealth of Australia, AustraliaGoogle Scholar
- Canadian Institute for Health Information (2014) Health system efficiency in Canada: why does efficiency vary among regions? Canadian Institute for Health Information, CanadaGoogle Scholar
- Colombo F, Mercier J (2011) Balancing fair protection and financial sustainability in long-term care. Eurohealth 17(2–3):3–6Google Scholar
- Feldstein PJ (1993) Health care economics. Delmar Publishers, AlbanyGoogle Scholar
- Food and Health Bureau (2008) Your health, your life. HKSARG, Hong KongGoogle Scholar
- Häßler RD, Jung TH (2015) Chapter 22: In principle good: the principles for responsible investment. In: Wendt K (ed) Responsible investment banking: risk management frameworks, sustainable financial innovation and softlaw standards. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 359–370CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Joumard I, André C, Nicq C (2010) Health care systems: efficiency and institutions. Economics Department working paper no. 769. OECD, ParisGoogle Scholar
- Landrigan PJ, Fuller R, Acosta NJR, Adeyi O, Arnold R, Basu NN, Baldé AB, Bertollini R, Bose-O’Reilly S, Boufford JI, Breysse PN, Chiles TM, Chulabhorn C, Awa M, Cropper ML, Fobil J, Fuster V, Greenstone M, Haines A, Hanrahan D, Hunter D, Khare M, Krupnick A, Lanphear B, Lohani B, Martin K, Mathiasen KV, McTeer MA, Murray CJL, Ndahimananjara JD, Perera F, Potočnik J, Preker AS, Ramesh J, Rockström J, Salinas C, Samson LD, Sandilya K, Sly PD, Smith KR, Steiner A, Stewart RB, Suk WA, van Schayck OCP, Yadama GN, Yumkella K, Zhong M (2017) The Lancet Commission on pollution and health. Lancet 391(10119):462–512CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Ng AW, Fong BYF, Leung TCH (2018) Health and sustainability: reinforcing public and private engagement through tertiary institutions. In: Azeiteiro UM, Akerman M, Leal Filho W, Setti AF (eds) Lifelong learning and education in healthy and sustainable cities. World sustainability series. Springer, Cham, pp 169–186. ISBN 978-3-319-69474-0CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Porter ME, Kaplan RS (2016) How to pay for health care. Harv Bus Rev 94:88–100Google Scholar
- Stenberg K, Hanssen O, Edejer TT, Bertram M, Brindley C, Meshreky A, Rosen AE, Stover J, Verboom P, Sanders R, Soucat A (2017) Financing transformative health systems towards achievement of the health Sustainable Development Goals: a model for projected resource needs in 67 low-income and middle-income countries. Lancet Glob Health 5(9):875–887CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- UN SDG (2018a) https://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/. Accessed 10 Sept 2018
- UN SDG (2018b) https://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/inequality/. Accessed 10 Sept 2018
- United Nations Population Division (2001) World population ageing: 1950–2050. United Nations Population Division, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- UNPRI (2018a) http://www.unpri.org/. Accessed 5 Sept 2018
- UNPRI (2018b) Impact investing market map. https://www.unpri.org/thematic-and-impact-investing/impact-investing-market-map-health/3547.article. Accessed 20 Sept 2018
- UNTT (2013) Working group on sustainable development financing. https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/index.php?page=view&type=111&nr=2091&menu=35. Accessed 10 Sept 2018
- West DM, Villasenor J, Schneider J (2017) Health governance capacity: enhancing private sector investment in global health. The Brookings Private Sector Global Health R&D Project, U.S., 25ppGoogle Scholar
- World Health Organization (2003) Social determinants of health: the solid facts, 2nd edn. WHO Regional Office for Europe, SwitzerlandGoogle Scholar
- Yuen PP (2012) A review of the proposed regulated voluntary health insurance scheme for Hong Kong. Public Adm Policy 15(1):11–19Google Scholar
- Yuen PP (2014) Financing health care and long-term care in a rapidly ageing context: assessing Hong Kong’s readiness. Public Adm Policy 17(1):56–64Google Scholar