Good Health and Well-Being

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Tony Wall, Ulisses Azeiteiro, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökcin Özuyar

Resilient Communities and Cities: Strategies to Foster Sustainable Development

  • Pablo A. Egaña del Sol
Living reference work entry



Borrowing from ecological theory, resilience refers to the extent to which an ecosystem can respond to, or absorb, a disturbance and still maintain its basic functions and essential relationships (Holling 1973). Resilience here should not be confused with traditional, “equilibrium-driven” definitions of stability, which connotes an ecosystem that endures minimal fluctuation or variability (Lewontin 1969); by contrast, resilient ecosystems may in fact fluctuate considerably.

In the context of communities and cities, we might call these systems resilient if they are able to return to their “normal” state after a shock. These shocks may be either endogenous or exogenous and commonly take one of the following forms: natural disasters, issues of food security, conflict, and radical shifts in demographics (Collier et al. 2013).


Important Dimensions for Resilient Cities

In recent years, a...

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I would like to thank Andrew Foley for invaluable research assistantship. I acknowledge the support provided by the Centre for Social Conflict and Cohesion Studies of Chile (CONICYT/FONDAP/15130009).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Asia School of Business and Massachusetts Institute of TechnologySloan School of ManagementKuala LumpurMalaysia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Tony Wall
    • 1
  1. 1.International Centre for Thriving at WorkUniversity of ChesterChesterUK